rust of maize ppt

ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. Rust pathogens of Avena. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Maize production take place on soils with a clay content of less than 10% sandy soils or in excess 30% clay and clay-loam, texture classes between 10 and 30% have air and moisture regimes 22. ), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. Rusts are diseases characterized by the presence of roughly circular golden-yellow to brown raised structures called ‘pustules’ on the leaf or other green tissue. However, infections and associated corn grain yield loss are usually very minimal. Puccinia coronata. Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1940s and 1950s ; Led by Dr. Norman Borlaug ; Wheat pathologist and breeder ; Semi-dwarf varieties with resistance to stem rust ; Wheat yields in Mexico ; From 11 bu/a (1943) to 30 bu/a (1963) 32 Examples of New Varieties 33 Wheat variety Ernie PALB 5062. A study was conducted from 29 March 2014 to 27 July 2014 at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Paklihawa, Rupandehi with the objective of screening 13 maize genotypes against southern leaf blight caused by Bipolaris maydis . ... Maize stripe (maize chlorotic stripe, maize hoja blanca) Maize stripe virus: Maize tassel abortion Maize tassel abortion virus (MTAV) Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. Uredospores are brown and spherical 16-28um in diameter 9. The important diseases of maize are leafblight (Helminthosporium turcicum) late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) and charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina). There are different readily- Plant protection measures Weeds Weeds Reduce yield 29—43% Common weeds are Deela Itsit Jangli chulai Tandla Jangli swank Jangli haloon 22. Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, 1. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Influence of fungicide application on two stripe-rust ... CDC Falcon, Genou, ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 68d88-ZDc1Z Less emphasis on hunting and gathering. Infection normally occurs from late-May to early-July. The identity of Rp1-D was demonstrated by using two independent gene-tagging approaches with the transposons Mutator and Dissociation. cytogenetics of maize Common rust has cinnamon-brown colored round to elongated pustules that frequently form in bands on the lower part of the leaf, which result from infection when the leaf was in the whorl. 2.3.2 Removing redundancy and duplication. Symptom and Sign The young head, enclosed in the boot, is usually completely replaced by a large smut gall covered by a thick whitish membrane. You can change your ad preferences anytime. MAIZE RUST. This level of production has However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. P. maydis was also detected in the United States of America in 2015 and since then the pathogen has spread in the maize growing regions of the country. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. If you have a proper land and good farm management then you can get the 2500 kg corn yield per hectare. The three leaf rusts on maize are common rust, polysora rust, and tropical rust. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Severally infected leaves dry off. This range of uses has also led to a further increase in the production of maize across the continent, especially outside of the traditionally largest maize growing countries, namely France, Romania and Italy1. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. Both wild […] Broadly, maize cultivation can be classified into two production environments: (1) traditional maize growing areas, including Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh (BIMARU), and (2) non-traditional maize areas, including Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (KAP). A study was conducted from 29 March 2014 to 27 July 2014 at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Paklihawa, Rupandehi with the objective of screening 13 maize genotypes against southern leaf blight caused by Bipolaris maydis . AbstractSouthern rust, caused by Puccinia polysora Underw, is a foliar disease that can severely reduce grain yield in maize (Zea mays L.). This level of production has Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. It is estimated that by the year 2020, demand for maize in developing countries will surpass demand for both wheat and rice. Ridges can be made at 60cm apart for maize planting. 5. Physopella zeae = Angiopsora zeae. This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages occur on each. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The Rp1-D gene for resistance to maize common rust ( Puccinia sorghi ) is a member of a complex locus (haplotype) composed of Rp1-D and approximately eight other gene homologs. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Results from a Burkard volumetric spore trap sited in the centre of the inoculated plot showed that the daily peak urediniospore concentration in the atmosphere occurred at about 1300 h. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Maize Culture. Land preparation. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Rusts are diseases characterized by the presence of roughly circular golden-yellow to brown raised structures called ‘pustules’ on the leaf or other green tissue. Immune (non-host) - no replication at all ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f70ec-MTE3Y Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. MAIZE Maize (Zea mays subsp. Sakil.iubat@gmail.com College of Agricultural Sciences 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 MAIZE 2. The maize‐Argot2, maize‐FANN‐GO, and maize‐PANNZER GO annotations described in subsequent sections refer to the subset of annotations selected via this selection step. Rust, common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Physopella pallescens. Origin, evolution Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein -. Detection & Inspection. Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). The gene effects have been found to be largely additive, and the estimates of heritability are high. Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). Major resistance genes exist, but their eVectiveness can be limited in areas where P. polysorais multi-racial. Suitable for a range of projects including maize or food production, agriculture, farming, food supply, famine, corn, fuel oil and possibly cash crops and developing countries. It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Tar spot complex (TSC), caused by at least two fungal pathogens, Phyllachora maydis and Monographella maydis, is one of the major foliar diseases of maize in Central and South America. Puccinia sorghi- maize and Oxalisspecies (wood sorrel). Although remote sensing (RS) techniques are … Maize 1. Session 5.4 physiological response of switch grass in soils of varying depths... No public clipboards found for this slide. Maize was especially popular in the southwest. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. In traditional areas, the crop is often grown in marginal eco-regions, primarily as a subsistence crop to meet food needs. Severally infected leaves dry off. Three sprayings of Dithance Z-78 @ 0.3% (3g/l) at weekly interval starting from knee high stage of the crop controls the leaf blight. Summary. 5. DISEASE INFORMATION Polysora rust is common in hot, humid regions where optimal temperatures of 24-28°C, which favour infection, prevail. Puccinia sorghi - maize and Oxalis species (wood sorrel). Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place in world agriculture. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Common rust is most conspicuous when plants … General resis- tance could be achieved by combining quantitative and race-speciWc resistances. Heterosis in Maize 31 Green Revolution in Wheat. Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. Both wild […] This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages … Common rust is most conspicuous when plants … Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. The three leaf rusts on maize are common rust, polysora rust, and tropical rust. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. • Black or stem rust-Puccinia graminis f. ... maize. The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. Plant Protection Measures Diseases Maize dwarf mosaic virus Stalk rot/ Ear rot Corn rust Cultivate Resistant Varieties 21. Maize Yield Per Hectare In India In maize cultivation yield of crop mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Learn about types of rust and control measures in this article. Around A.D. 1000, maize agriculture began to spread from Central America through North America. Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place in world agriculture. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Rust affects many economically important plant species and commonly reduces plant growth and productivity. The membrane soon ruptures, often before the head emerges, exposing a mass of dark brown to black, ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Plant Disease Epidemiology 04--Disease progress in time 1. temporal dynamic of epidemic ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 47d560-ODVlN The rust usually appears late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel. Leaf Rust (Brown or Orange Rust) Pathogen: Puccinia recondita The pathogen is macrocyclic rust. Partial resistance to P. sorghi is widely used in dent corn grown in the USA, and the level of economic loss due to this rust is generally low (Hooker, 1985; Melching, 1975). Fungicides are needed to provide control. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. The development and spread of maize rust from an inoculated circular plot was studied during 1975. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein - taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, they share the same chromosome number, similar or identical chromosome morphologies, maize 1. Improving drought tolerance in maize (zea mays). Worldwide distribution. At present, maize has several uses in Europe such as food, animal feed, bioenergy and industrial products. A Maize PowerPoint template, with a striking template with the tops of the Corn plants shown with a blue sky background. Anilkumar, C. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Global maize flour market professional survey report 2017 - This Report provided by 24 Market Reports is about, Maize Flour in Global market, especially in North America, China, Europe, Southeast Asia, Japan and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2012 to 2016, and forecast to 2022. Barley and some perennial grasses may be infected. Life cycle. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. Pustules of Polysora rust (left) and common rust (right) on maize - banding symptomatic of common rust (right) note the difference in colour and shape of pustule. Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Origin, evolution and cytogenetics of maize … origin, evolution and cytology of maize crop. Crown rust. The rust usually appears late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel. • SYMPTOMS: The black telial pustules are usually formed on the dorsal side of leaves The pustules burst early with mild displacement of the host epidermis And deeply embedded into the host. Led to an increase in population Among the rust diseases in maize Polysora rust or tropical rust or southern corn rust (Puccinia polysora Underw) is an important disease in tropical areas. Deep ploughing up to 45 cm is favourable for maize that have deep growth. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. Duplication is the presence of two or more instances of the same gene–GO term pair in a single annotation set. Important disease, more severe on sweet corn. Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. Rust Pathogen Genomics and the Potential Impact on Crop Management - St. Paul, MN. Rust, plant disease caused by more than 7,000 species of fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota. Detection & Inspection. MAIZE RUST. Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Fungicides are needed to provide control. Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. Maize common rust has the weed Oxalis as a host. Another rust affects maize in the region, southern rust, Puccinia polysora (see Fact Sheet no. There are different readily- Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. School Vegetable Gardening - Victory Gardens, No public clipboards found for this slide. There are two kinds, both may occur on maize at the same time. Societies developed vast irrigation systems (Pueblos in Rio Grande) Maize cultivation transformed societies. It is estimated that by the year 2020, demand for maize in developing countries will surpass demand for both wheat and rice. On maize and sweet corn. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Puccinia polysora- maize and some grasses. Puccinia polysora - maize and some grasses. and 42). A host the development and spread of maize rust from an inoculated circular plot was rust of maize ppt. 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