ppfd for seedlings

https://bioslighting.com/horticulture-lighting/led-grow-light-distance-chart Full sun plants need a minimum of 400 to 600 mol/m²/s. PPFD is a ‘spot’ measurement of a specific location on your plant canopy, and it is measured in micromoles per square meter per second (μmol/m2/s). https://extension.umn.edu/planting-and-growing-guides/lighting-indoor-plants I tend to say grow light hanging height is not a perfect science. 2. Even this has a problem. So the logical solution to fix your problem is to determine the grow light height where your plants receive the ideal amount of light intensity for that phase of growth: 200-250 micromoles for seedlings and 300 to 400 micromoles of PPFD for vegetative phase plants. 100-300 PPFD for seedlings; 200-600 PPFD for vegetative growth; 600-1,000 PPFD for flowering; 800-2,000 PPFD for sunlight (depends on elevation, location etc) 600 – 1,600 PPFD for full shade; Plants can be damaged with more than 800 PPFD. Many “tomato” (cannabis) growers run their plants at a PPFD of about 500-800 umol/m 2 /s (which is too bright for most orchids/houseplants). You will have trouble finding a PPFD value for most lights. As you explore this world and unpack the different metrics and grow lights and systems that you need for optimum yields and healthy, flavoursome plants, you will hit a wall of acronyms. The PPFD value in the center, 719 umol/m2/s, is high enough to stimulate photosynthesis in flowering weed plants, but the light coverage area is rather poor. The amount of light is actually measured as PPFD (Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density), sometimes abbreviated to PFD. This list is not very accurate, but it’s still very helpful. Partial sun plants need a minimum of 150 to 200 mol/m²/s. PPFD stands for ‘Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density.’ PPFD is a measurement of light intensity, and it says how many light photons that fall within the PAR-range (expressed in micromoles) hit a given square meter per second: μmol m(-2)s(-1). We see that the PPFD values fall from 719 (highest) to 409 (lowest) even within the center 1×1’ square. Myth #3: PAR is a Measure of Light Intensity. Full shade and other low-light plants need around 100 mol/m²/s. Your goal with the majority of tropical houseplants is to target about 20-40% filtered sun (removing 60-80% of direct sun intensity like leaves and clouds would in nature). The industry and gardeners tend to interchange the two terms using the term PAR when they should be saying PPFD. Some houseplants do well in a shady corner while other plants, especially fruit-bearing plants like cannabis, peppers, and tomatoes need a lot of light to grow to their full potential. 3. 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