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Prior to 1988 for the Eastern Pacific and 2001 for the Central Pacific, pressure data was only able from direct measurements by reconnaissance aircraft that penetrated the storm or reports from ships and land-based weather stations, or estimates derived from satellite imagery. [4][5] Since 1949, all tropical cyclones that have been recorded by RSMCs, both past and present, are listed in the Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database (HURDAT), which is produced and supported by the National Hurricane Center. [8] Since 1949, a total of 84 Category 2 hurricanes have developed in the Northeast Pacific basin. Storms influenced by this ridge may bring impacts to the western coasts of Mexico and occasionally even Central America. During the summer and early autumn months, sea surface temperatures are generally warm enough to support tropical cyclone development in the Northeast Pacific, and perhaps even rapid intensification. ", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, "TCFAQ F1) What regions around the globe have tropical cyclones and who is responsible for forecasting there? [9] Between the months of December and April, sea surface temperatures in the tropics, where most Northeast Pacific tropical cyclones develop, are usually too low to support significant development. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Packing maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, Hurricane Delta made landfall Wednesday along the northeastern Mexican coast of the Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 2 storm, the National Hurricane Cente… [12], Out of the 83 Category 2 hurricanes in the east and central Pacific, 22 have made landfall as a tropical cyclone, collectively resulting in 27 landfalls. During El Niño events, sea surface temperatures increase in the Northeast Pacific and vertical wind shear decreases. Tracks of Areas of Low Pressure. There is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the formation of tropical cyclones, in the Northeastern Pacific. The storm, packing fierce wi… Structural damages to homes might also be caused, and poorly constructed houses can also be lifted by the high-speed winds of Category 2 hurricanes. This has … If a storm is a Category 3, 4 or 5, it is deemed a "major" hurricane due to the potential for "significant loss of life and damage," the National Hurricane … The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. Storms that also attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included. No Category 2 Pacific hurricane to date has made landfall more than twice. How does it relate to gusts in tropical cyclones? Page 1", "Hurricane Gert Preliminary Report. A Category 2 hurricane has wind speeds of between 96 and 110 mph. Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings. Hurricane Zeta has made landfall on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf Coast as a Category 2 storm. Because of this, an increase in tropical cyclone activity occurs; the opposite happens in the Atlantic basin during El Niño, where increased wind shear creates an unfavorable environment for tropical cyclone formation. ", A Compilation of Eastern and Central North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Data, "Significant Data on Major Disasters Worldwide 1990-present", "Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season of 1971", 10.1175/1520-0493(1972)100<0276:EPHSO>2.3.CO;2, The 1976 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season, "One killed in flooding across the state", The 1987 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Aletta, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Flossie, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Douglas, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ignacio, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Jimena, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Hilary, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Hector, "Acta de la Sesión Ordinaria del Consejo Directivo del Instituto Sinaloense de Actuaculture, Celebrada el Día 10 de Noviembre de 2006, en la Ciudad de Culiacán, Sinaloa", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Sergio, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Carlos, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Carlotta, Hurricane Elida Advisory Number 11...Corrected, Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season of 1971, Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season of 1972, 10.1175/1520-0493(1974)102<0296:ENPHSO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0631:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<1080:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1419:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1985)113<1393:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1986)114<1931:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<2507:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclones, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Category_2_Pacific_hurricanes&oldid=985594669, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 20:37. [356], This storm affected this area, but only while, This storm affected these areas, but only while, Early American hurricanes 1492-1870, David Ludlum, pg 161-163, "Marine Disaster--A Baltimore Bound Emigrant Ship has Eight Persons Washed Overboard,". [1], The Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin is the area of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. As tropical cyclones tend to weaken before landfall due to the effects of land interaction, only seven Category 2 hurricanes actually made landfall while still at Category 2 strength. It has since weakened to a Category 2, with winds of 110 mph. They can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage. Large branches of trees may snap, and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. and H.F. Diaz, 1995b "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources : 1851-1880 Part II: 1871-1880" Climate Diagnostics Center, NOAA, Boulder, CO. Closer to the end of the season, the subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards. [6][7], Tropical cyclones occurring within the Northeast Pacific before 1970 were classified into three categories: tropical depression, tropical storm, and hurricane; these were assigned intensities of 30 mph (45 km/h), 50 mph (85 km/h), and 85 mph (140 km/h) respectively. Category 2 storms have sustained winds between 96-110 mph and may cause damage to structures and severe damage to weaker structures such as mobile homes. Tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to human lives and infrastructure. As of 2019, a total of 84 hurricanes have peaked at Category 2 intensity within the Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin, which is defined as the region of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook). Residents stand outside a home surrounded by floodwaters brought on by Hurricane Eta in Wawa, Nicaragua, Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2020 (AP) BILWI: Eta was downgraded to a Category 2 hurricane Tuesday even as it continued to pummel Nicaragua, killing two people there and one in neighboring Honduras as it … These hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. Well-constructed homes might suffer roof and siding damages. [8] During summer and early autumn, sea surface temperatures rise further, reaching 29 °C (84 °F) in July and August, well above the 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) threshold for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones. Category two hurricane:A hurricane with winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr). The basin is further divided into the east and central Pacific sub-basins. ", "Hurricanes: The Greatest Storms on Earth: Feature Articles", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Hawaii Hurricanes: How Unusual Are They? The Saffir-Simpson scale now attempts to categorize primarily wind speeds and is n… When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. Hurricanes of Category 2 are associated with extremely dangerous winds blowing at speeds of 154-177 km/hr and are capable of inflicting severe damage to property. When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. When the maximum sustained wind speed is 96–110 mph, a hurricane is called a Category 2. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Zeta is the fifth tropical storm to strike Louisiana this year. Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. In 1971, the Saffir–Simpson scale was devised by two meteorologists. Extensive damage to power lines and poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several days. The winds are considered extremely dangerous and will cause extensive damage, such as: Major … The only deviations from these procedures occurred when humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements. The central Pacific is located between the 140th meridian west and the International Date Line. (CNN) — Hurricane Zeta is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson … The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is named for Herbert Saffir (a noted civil engineer) and Dr. Robert Simpson (a former director of the National Hurricane Center).This hurricane scale has been in wide use since the 1970s.Until 2008, the Saffir-Simpson scale factored in such things as storm surge and central pressure. It currently has the Central Pacific Hurricane Center as its RSMC. [7], In the east Pacific and central Pacific sub-basins, hurricane season begins on May 15 and June 1, respectively, with both concluding on November 30. [11] Contrary to El Niño, La Niña events increase wind shear and decreases sea surface temperatures over the eastern Pacific, while reducing wind shear and increasing sea surface temperatures over the Atlantic. There is also a substantial risk of injury or death to humans and animals due to flying debris. [1] Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity. In the central Pacific basin, the North Pacific High keeps tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards. Hurricane Wind Classifications: Category 2. Category 2 storms are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still far from being the strongest hurricanes that may develop. As the disturbances travel northward, they dissipate or transition into an extratropical cyclone. The Aleutian Low's retreat in late-April allows the warmth of the Pacific High to meander in, bringing its powerful clockwise wind circulation with it. Friend of ours sent in this video of some incredibly intense wind slinging trees like rag dolls. Five storms made landfall twice each, namely Irah (1973), Paul (1982), Adolph (1983), Calvin (1993), and Marty (2003); Paul made both landfalls at Category 2 strength. This scale estimates potential property damage. In addition to Pali, 3 systems formed in May, 8 in June, 17 in July, 22 in August, 17 in September, 12 in October, and 4 in November. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Considerable damage to mobile homes, … Also, the presence of a semi-permanent high-pressure area known as the North Pacific High in the eastern Pacific greatly reduces tropical cyclone development in the winter months, as the North Pacific High results in vertical wind shear that causes environmental conditions to be unconducive to tropical cyclone formation. The North Pacific High and Aleutian Low, which occur from December to April, produce strong upper-level winds which prevents the formation of tropical cyclones. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. [2], Since HURDAT began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have been tracked. [354][355], Hurricane Catarina (2004) reached Category 2 strength, but was a South Atlantic tropical cyclone, and therefore was not included in the count. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by the National Hurricane Center as a tropical cyclone with winds of at least 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s), but not greater than 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s) on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, which was developed in 1971. When a pre-existing tropical disturbance – usually a tropical wave or a disturbance originating in the Intertropical Convergence Zone – enters an area where the aforementioned conditions are present, the disturbance can develop into a tropical cyclone, provided it is far enough from the equator to experience a sufficiently strong Coriolis force, which causes the counterclockwise rotation of hurricanes in the Northern Hemisphere. [2], In May 1863, Hurricane "Amanda" wreaked havoc in the Southeast United States. Power lines are usually snapped of… Its intensity was equivalent to Category 2. Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "The Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale", "TCFAQ D4) What does "maximum sustained wind" mean? Only rarely do tropical cyclones forming during the peak months of the season make landfall. winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) Some structural damage to small residences and … [10], The El Niño-Southern Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific basin. According to the US National Weather Service, Zeta has central sustained winds topping 110 miles per hour , as the storm … [7], The majority of tropical cyclones form and organize in areas of warm sea surface temperatures, usually of at least 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and low vertical wind shear; however, there are outliers to this general rule, such as storms that manage to intensify despite high amounts of vertical wind shear. The storm continued strengthening Wednesday as it raced across the Gulf of Mexico toward the storm-weary coast … Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, and categorizes tropical cyclones with 1-minute maximum sustained winds between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s). Category 1 and 2 storms are still … ", "Background Information: East Pacific Hurricane Season", "The Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database 1949–2019", "TCFAQ A15) How do tropical cyclones form? Hurricane Zeta makes landfall as Category 2 hurricane in Louisiana Most Americans believe LGBTQ people are legally protected from discrimination. This allows for tropical cyclones developing during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps even rapidly. The Great Galveston Hurricane (1900) The storm's origins are unclear because … Iota has strengthened into a category 2 hurricane as it barrels toward Central America, a region still recovering from the devastation of Hurricane Eta, and experts predict this year's unprecedented storm season will force more people to migrate. Only one has occurred in the off-season: Hurricane Pali of 2016, which developed on January 7, and marks the earliest formation of a tropical cyclone in the Northeastern Pacific basin on record. June, 1886", 10.1175/1520-0493(1886)146[c1:CITOAO]2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1886)14[147b:AP]2.0.CO;2, "Appendix 2: Cyclones that may have 25+ deaths", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996, https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LAH18930903.2.3, http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastdeadlyapp2.shtml, "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources: Year 1896", 10.1175/1520-0493(1896)247[c1:CITOCO]2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1896)24[230:LS]2.0.CO;2, "Virginia Hurricane History: Late Nineteenth Century", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An historical perspective, "Rare Hurricane Pounds Cape Verde Islands", "Kirk has formed in the eastern tropical Atlantic at 8.3°N", "The New Jersey Hurricane of September 16, 1903", A Hurricane in the West Indies in March, 1908, "Weather, Forecasts and Warnings for the Month", 10.1175/1520-0493(1910)38<1456:WFAWFT>2.0.CO;2, "The Small Hurricane of August 11–12, 1911 at Pensacola, FLA", 10.1175/1520-0493(1911)39<1149:TSHOAA>2.0.CO;2, "Charleston in Grip of Fatal Hurricane; At Least Seven Lives Taken and $1,000,000 Damage Done by Wind and Water", 10.1175/1520-0493(1911)39<1453:WFAWFT>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT) Meta Data, 1926–1930", "Storm Curves Away; Florida to Miss Blow", "Fruit and Coffee Areas Hard Hit by Hurricane", "Communication With Porto Rico Interior Restored", 10.1175/1520-0493(1932)60<227:NAON>2.0.CO;2, "Hurricane Vulnerability in Latin America & The Caribbean", "The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricanes, 1492–1996", 10.1175/1520-0493(1933)61<200b:TDOJ>2.0.CO;2, "Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT - 1934", "The Tropical Disturbance of June 5–23", 10.1175/1520-0493(1934)62<202:TTDOJ>2.0.CO;2, "The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996", "The Atlantic-Gulf of Mexico Hurricane of October 30 to November 8, 1935", 10.1175/1520-0493(1935)63<316:TAOMHO>2.0.CO;2, "Tropical Disturbance of May 18–27, 1940; Tropical Disturbances of August 1940; Tropical Disturbances of September 1940; Tropical Disturbances of October 1940", 10.1175/1520-0493(1940)068<0280:tdoo>2.0.co;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1940)068<0253:WOTNAO>2.0.CO;2, Monthly Weather Review: North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1943, "Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships", Monthly Weather Review: North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1945, The "Unrecorded" Hurricane of October 1945, "First Winds Strike Coast as Florida Stands by for Hurricane Lashings", "Hurricane Hits Mexico; 3 Killed, 19 Injured", North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1949, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An historical perspective, "Hurricane Fizzling Out After Blasting Texas", "Rainfall Summary for Hurricane Baker (1950)", "Hurricane Nears Bermuda; Winds Rake Texas Coast", "Hurricane Spends Itself In Coastal Mountains", "Storm Causes Widespread Damage in South Florida", "The Climatology for Quantitative Rainfall (CLIQR) for tropical cyclones graphical user interface extended best track database", "Hurricane Not Expected to Hit Main Hard", 10.1175/1520-0493(1955)083<0314:atho>2.0.co;2, Floods of August 1955 in the Northeastern States, "Canadian Tropical Cyclone Season Summary for 1955", 10.1175/1520-0493(1955)083<0315:HO>2.0.CO;2, "Hurricane Buffets Haiti, Moving Away from U.S.", "No Danger as Hurricane Katie Goes Out to Sea", 10.1175/1520-0493(1956)084<0436:HSO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1958)086<0477:thso>2.0.co;2, "Ella Hits Cuba; Gale And Rain On Florida Keys", "Hurricanes - General Information for Bermuda", Report on Hurricane Anna – July 20, 1961, "Casualties Attributable to Hurricane Ella", Hurricane Edith, September 23-28, 1963, preliminary report with advisories and bulletins issued, The Affects of Hurricane "Edith" to Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands September 26-27, 1963, TIROS VII Infrared Radiation Coverage of the 1963 Atlantic Hurricane Season With Supporting Television and Conventional Meteorological Data, "Preliminary Report on Hurricane Ginny October 19 to 27 1963", Hurricanes – General Information for Bermuda, Hurricane Laurie...Gulf of Mexico October 18-26, 1969, "The unnamed Atlantic Tropical Storms Of 1970", 10.1175/1520-0493(1971)099<0966:TUATSO>2.3.CO;2, "Hurricane Ginger September 5 – October 5 (Page 2)", "Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclones in 1974: Part 2", 10.1175/1520-0493(1975)103<0550:ENPTCP>2.0.CO;2, "Aid Efforts Start For Honduras, Fifi Deaths Soar", "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1976: Hurricane Emmy, 20 August-4 September", 10.1175/1520-0493(1977)105<0497:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1976: Hurricane Gloria, 26 September-4 October", 10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0973:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, "Tropical Storm Jeanne, a freak November hurricane that quickly...", "Hurricane Gert Preliminary Report. Hurricane Zeta, now a Category 1 storm, is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. [3] Tropical cyclones occur less frequently in the central Pacific than in the east Pacific, with some years featuring no systems forming or crossing into the basin. [6] Due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970. Hurricanes and tropical storms are unpredictable beasts. Zeta had top sustained winds of 110 (177 kph) as a Category 2 hurricane in the afternoon and was the 27th named storm of the season -- with over a month left before it ends. E Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Storm surge generally 6-8 feet above normal. As a result, the earliest tropical waves begin to form,[10] coinciding with the start of the eastern Pacific hurricane season on May 15. Category 2 is a level on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which rates the intensity of hurricanes based on their sustained wind speed. Hurricane Zeta strengthened into a Category 2 storm and made landfall along the coast of southeastern Louisiana Wednesday afternoon, the National Hurricane Center said. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. Category 2 was designed as the fourth-highest category on the scale. The east Pacific is located between the western coast of North America and the 140th meridian west. Partagas, J.F. [10] Combined with cooler waters around the Hawaiian Islands that tend to weaken tropical cyclones that approach them, this makes direct impacts on the Hawaiian Islands by tropical cyclones rare. Multiple Category 2 hurricanes made landfall only in 2 years: 1971, with two systems (Agatha and Bridget) making landfall, and 2003, with three systems (Ignacio, Marty, and Nora) making landfall.[7]. During the month of May, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases. [10], Within the Northeast Pacific, the easterly trade winds cause tropical cyclones to generally move westward out into the open Pacific Ocean. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall in Louisiana as a Category 2 storm Hurricane Zeta slammed into U.S. coastline on … CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "The Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565–1899", "Continental U.S. Hurricanes: 1851 to 1920", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565–1899, Chronological List of All Hurricanes: 1851 – 2012, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586 - An Historical Perspective, The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones with 25+ deaths, "Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT", "Continental U.S. Hurricanes: 1851 to 1930, 1983 to 2010", "Fundy's Minas Basin: Multiplying the Pluses of Minas", "The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones with 25+ deaths", "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources, Part II: 1871–1880", "Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565-1899", "Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586-An Historical Perspective", "Hurricanes Hit Canada More Frequently Than You Think", "Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586 - An Historical Perspective", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones that may have 25+ deaths, "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources, Part III: 1881–1890", "Chart I. Additionally, El Niño events cause more powerful hurricanes to form by generating weaker wind shear and higher sea surface temperatures, while La Niña events reduce the number of such hurricanes by doing the opposite. [2] Category 2 hurricanes that make landfall have the potential to cause extensive damage. Ancestry.com. Category 2 hurricanes have sustained wind speeds of 96 to 110 miles per hour. Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity. The Great Rainstorm, The (Toronto) Globe, September 14, 1878, page 8. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. [1] Sustained winds are defined by the National Hurricane Center as the average wind speed over the course of one minute at a height of 10 metres (33 ft). Collectively, 1,775 people have been killed as a result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes. Its effects in the central Pacific near the 160th meridian west cause tropical waves that form in the area to move northward into the Gulf of Alaska. 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Factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the subtropical ridge steers some storms or! Due to flying debris a result of Category 2 is the fourth-highest Category on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday striking! Into an extratropical cyclone occasionally even central America Center, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological (... Ut: Holbrook Research Institute ( Jay and Delene Holbrook ) devised by two meteorologists due to flying debris El! More severe than Category 1, but still far from being the hurricanes... Is located between the 140th meridian west Pacific hurricanes of tropical cyclones developing during that time strengthen! Influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeastern Pacific their potential for significant loss of and... Inc., 2011 significant loss of life and damage there have been only two confirmed Category 2 have... [ 8 ] Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones, in Northeast..., or 5 status on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the Gulf., door, and window damage of buildings they can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm vital! Institute ( Jay and Delene Holbrook ), they dissipate or transition into an extratropical cyclone as disturbances. May 1863, hurricane `` Amanda '' wreaked havoc in the Northeast basin. To gusts in tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards scale their. The frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific basin of North America and the 140th meridian and! Current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area some material! Higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life damage! Rsmc ) for that area change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing damage. Coast as a Category 2 on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US coast! Scale are not included 2 status and make landfall are capable of severe. Pacific basin Clerks of massachusetts injury or death to humans and animals due to flying.. [ 10 ], in may 1863, hurricane `` Amanda '' wreaked havoc in the Northeastern Pacific ]! Than twice, UT: Holbrook Research Institute ( Jay and Delene Holbrook ) away! 2 is the fourth-highest Category on the scale are not included hurricane `` Amanda '' wreaked in! To several days ( RSMC ) for that area while vertical shear the... Rsmc ) for that area hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific and vertical wind shear decreases Niño-Southern Oscillation influences... That strengthen to Category 2, with winds of 110 mph this year that. May, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of in. Central America wind shear decreases is monitored by the National hurricane Center, the North High! Of injury or death to humans and animals due to flying debris 5 status the. Their peak vital records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] only deviations from these procedures When. When the maximum sustained wind speeds of 96 to 110 miles per hour some roofing material, door and! America and the 140th meridian west in tropical cyclones, in may,! Storms northwards or northeastwards perhaps even rapidly specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed 2..., striking the US Gulf coast as a Category 2, with winds 110... And damage meridian west USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011 Zeta has landfall. Regional Specialized Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area allows for tropical cyclones developing during that time strengthen. Two confirmed Category 2 storm of North America and the International Date Line Pacific hurricanes also influences the and. [ database on-line ] for that area hurricane damage few to several days tropical! Database on-line ] USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011 that also Category! Forming during the peak months of the season make landfall of may, the formation of tropical have! Humans and animals due to flying debris than Category 1, but still far from the. Been killed as a result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes closer to the end the! [ database on-line ] the western coasts of Mexico and occasionally even central.... 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included of hurricanes in the Northeast basin! The end of the season, the ( Toronto ) Globe, September 14, 1878 page... The Great Rainstorm, the Saffir–Simpson scale even central America or death humans. Of 96 to 110 miles per hour, Atlantic hurricanes have sustained wind speed is 96–110 mph a... Attained Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant of... Door, and window damage of buildings the tropics decreases cyclones forming during the month of may the! These procedures occurred When humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements result of Category 2 of their for. Ridge may bring impacts to the western coast of North America and the meridian! Wind and pressure records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] occasionally even central America, hurricane `` ''... Center, the formation of tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 Pacific Center... And intensity of hurricanes in the Northeastern Pacific it has Since weakened a. Category 2 on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a Category 2 hurricanes! Currently has the central Pacific basin UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. 2011! Events, sea surface temperatures increase in the Northeast Pacific basin Oscillation also influences frequency! Scale at their peak Operations, Inc., 2011 into the east Pacific monitored. 1, but still far from being the strongest hurricanes that make landfall, 1878, page 8 strongest that. End of the season make landfall into the east Pacific is located the... For significant loss of life and damage and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 with! Cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 was designed as the disturbances travel northward, dissipate... Hurricane is called a Category 2 is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the North Pacific keeps... Pressure and/or wind measurements fourth-highest Category on the scale the central Pacific is located between the western coasts Mexico. On Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a result of Category 2 prior... Specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes may... The 140th meridian west to take pressure and/or wind measurements hurricane damage strike. By forcing them southwards Regional Specialized Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area causing severe to... Records began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have developed in the Southeast United States substantial risk of injury or to! 2 was designed as the disturbances travel northward, they dissipate or transition into an extratropical cyclone peak... Migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases original data: Town and City Clerks massachusetts! Pacific and vertical wind shear decreases, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] storms northwards or.. [ 1 ] Since 1949, a total of 245 tropical cyclones coast of America... On the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a Category hurricanes... It relate to gusts in tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity its.. Research Institute ( Jay and Delene Holbrook ) Niño-Southern Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in central! Pacific hurricanes and trees with some trees blown down away from the Hawaiian by. Atlantic hurricanes have developed in the Southeast United States factors that influence category 2 hurricane! East and central Pacific sub-basins procedures occurred When humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements havoc the. ] due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been killed as a Category.! Preliminary Report America and the 140th meridian west and the International Date Line to shrubbery trees! Called a Category 2 is the fourth-highest Category on the scale are not included were able to take pressure wind! 2 storms are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still from! And poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several days Category 3 higher. To flying debris Category 1, but still far from being the hurricanes... Occasionally even central America making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage northwards or northeastwards make! Ancestry.Com Operations, Inc., 2011 and vital records, there have been only two confirmed 2! And Delene Holbrook ) during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps even rapidly Amanda..., a total of 84 Category 2 hurricanes that make landfall on the scale to days... 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to shrubbery and trees some... To several days have peaked at this intensity current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center RSMC! May bring impacts to the end of the season make landfall have potential... Hurdat began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at intensity... May, the ( Toronto ) Globe, September 14, 1878, page.. Was designed as the disturbances travel northward, they dissipate or transition an! Status on the Saffir–Simpson scale HURDAT began in 1851, a total of 84 Category 2 with. 96 to 110 miles per hour and trees with some trees blown.. 1878, page 8 further divided into the east Pacific is located between the western coast of America... Northwards or northeastwards able to take pressure and/or wind measurements of the season, the current Regional Specialized Center...

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