hurricane katrina landfall

As a result, local flooding occurred in Miami-Dade County, damaging approximately 100 homes. There was sniping going on. On the afternoon of August 26, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) realized that Katrina had yet to make the turn toward the Florida Panhandle and ended up revising the predicted track of the storm from the panhandle to the Mississippi coast. Moreover, it was the 4th most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the contiguous United States. [90] Forensic accountants were involved in the assessment of economic damages resulting from this catastrophe. Since the storm surge produced by the hurricane's right-front quadrant (containing the strongest winds) was forecast to be 28 feet (8.5 m), while the levees offered protection to 23 feet (7.0 m), emergency management officials in New Orleans feared that the storm surge could go over the tops of levees protecting the city, causing major flooding. Remarkably, over 90% of Pascagoula, the easternmost coastal city in Mississippi, and about 75 miles (120 km) east of Katrina's landfall near the Louisiana-Mississippi border was flooded from storm surge at the height of the storm. Red Cross emergency financial assistance was provided to 1.4 million families. About Our Office [64] Two sections of the Superdome's roof were compromised and the dome's waterproof membrane was essentially peeled off. However, only one-fifth of the trailers requested in Orleans Parish were supplied, resulting in an enormous housing shortage in the city of New Orleans. 80% of New Orleans was flooded in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. [102] As a result, the hurricane affected the habitats of sea turtles, Mississippi sandhill cranes, Red-cockaded woodpeckers, and Alabama Beach mice. [101] The lands that were lost were breeding grounds for marine mammals, brown pelicans, turtles, and fish, and migratory species such as redhead ducks. Pre- and Post-Katrina 3D Topography: Dauphin Island, AL [51] The rains caused flooding, and the combination of rains and winds downed trees and power lines, leaving 1.45 million people without power. Damage in South Florida was estimated at $523 million, mostly as a result of crop damage. Congress ordered the MRGO closed as a direct result. St. Tammany Parish received a two-part storm surge. Hurricane Season Forecast. Katrina weakened to a Category 3 before making landfall along the northern Gulf Coast, first in southeast Louisiana (sustained winds: 125mph) and then made landfall once more along the Mississippi Gulf Coast (sustained winds: 120mph). Rain bands extending well east of Katrina’s eye brought isolated rainfall totals of 3-6 inches over extreme northwest Florida. [36], By August 26, the possibility of unprecedented cataclysm was already being considered. NWS Service Assessment everything you want or need to know! According to the National Hurricane Center, 1,836 fatalities can be attributed to the storm: 1 in Kentucky, 2 each in Alabama, Georgia, and Ohio, 14 in Florida, 238 in Mississippi, and 1,577 in Louisiana. Although the storm surge to the east of the path of the eye in Mississippi was higher, a significant surge affected the Louisiana coast. Several bridges were destroyed, including the I-10 Twin Span Bridge connecting Slidell to New Orleans. [75], After making a brief initial landfall in Louisiana, Katrina had made its final landfall near the state line, and the eyewall passed over the cities of Bay St. Louis and Waveland as a Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of 120 mph (190 km/h). Insulation tubes were exposed as the hotel's glass exterior was completely sheared off. We cannot stress enough the danger this hurricane poses to Gulf Coast communities. [The exact location and degree of accuracy of the 1916 record surge value is unknown.]. Although Hurricane Katrina made landfall well to the west, Alabama and the Florida Panhandle were both affected by tropical-storm force winds and a storm surge varying from 12 to 16 feet (3.7–4.9 m) around Mobile Bay,[9] with higher waves on top. Many representatives of the news media reporting on the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina became directly involved in the unfolding events, instead of simply reporting. In Dauphin Island (a barrier island), approximately 90 mi (140 km) to the east of the point where the hurricane made landfall, the sand that comprised the island was transported across the island into the Mississippi Sound, pushing the island towards land. [67], The first deaths reported from the city were reported shortly before midnight on August 28, as three nursing home patients died during an evacuation to Baton Rouge, most likely from dehydration. The largest tornado path occurred in Santa Rosa County near Munson, FL and was on the ground for three miles. [22] During video conferences involving the president later that day and on August 29, NHC director Max Mayfield expressed concern that Katrina might push its storm surge over the city's levees and flood walls. Chapter Three: Hurricane Katrina - Pre-Landfall. [13] All aircraft were returning towards the Gulf of Mexico by the afternoon of August 29. The damage on Dauphin Island was severe, with the surge destroying many houses and cutting a new canal through the western portion of the island. Many of the problems that arose developed from inadequate planning and back-up communication systems at various levels. [9], Hurricane Katrina also brought heavy rain to Louisiana, with 8–10 inches (200–250 mm) falling on a wide swath of the eastern part of the state. Downed trees and power lines were reported in several counties in western Kentucky, especially Calloway and Christian counties. In Monroe and Collier counties, schools were closed, and a shelter was opened in Immokalee. On the same day, he requested President Bush to declare "expedited major disaster declaration" for six counties of South Alabama, which was quickly approved. The discussion of both the immediate response and of the broader public policy issues may have affected elections and legislation enacted at various levels of government. Mobile Radar This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 15:13. The storm dropped heavy rainfall in portions of the Miami metropolitan area, with a peak total of 16.43 in (417 mm) in Perrine.      Downtown Mobile Chicago, Illinois received over 6,000 people, the most of any non-southern city. [8] Katrina was the earliest 11th named storm on record before being surpassed by Tropical Storm Kyle on August 14, 2020. [174] The role of AM radio was also of importance to the hundreds of thousands of persons with no other ties to news, providing emergency information regarding access to assistance for hurricane victims. Storm surge was as high as 12-14 feet in Bayou La Batre, AL and likely close to 20 feet along the Mississippi-Alabama border. It is estimated that 80-90% (approximately 104-119mph) of the maximum wind speed value actually reached the ground. The extend of rainfall can be seen in the map of observed precipitation for the southeastern US during Hurricane Katrina's lifetime (August 24-30). Limited commercial passenger service resumed at the airport on September 13 and regular carrier operations resumed in early October. Forecast Discussion [131], The criticisms of the government's response to Hurricane Katrina primarily consisted of criticism of mismanagement and lack of leadership in the relief efforts in response to the storm and its aftermath. Nagin and Blanco were criticized for failing to implement New Orleans' evacuation plan and for ordering residents to a shelter of last resort without any provisions for food, water, security, or sanitary conditions. "The New Orleans Hurricane Protection System: What Went Wrong and Why". By 6:00 pm CDT on August 28, 11 counties and cities issued evacuation orders, a number which increased to 41 counties and 61 cities by the following morning. [71] The neologism Katrinagate was coined to refer to this controversy, and was a runner-up for "2005 word of the year. One of the four is believed to be the result of a homicide. The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MR-GO) breached its levees in approximately 20 places, flooding much of eastern New Orleans, most of St. Bernard Parish and the East Bank of Plaquemines Parish. Please try another search. Many homes were engulfed by Katrina’s surge in Bayou La Batre, AL.Major beach erosion occurred from Dauphin Island to east of Destin. While it was crossing the state, the hurricane's convection was asymmetrical, primarily located to the south and east of the center. 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