michigan oak trees identification

Poplar: Balsam, White. Tree identification is a matter of knowing what characteristics to look for and where the tree is growing—its home place in the landscape. The leaves are divided into five lobes by deep sinuses, starting as medium-green in summer and turning copper or reddish in autumn. Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. Poison oak is not a variety of oak, but is a variety of sumac. Identifying Characteristics and Size: The sawtooth oak grows to around 60 feet tall and 60 feet across. Flowering Dogwood: 50: 15-30' well-drained: 4: full sun, partial shade : wildlife habitat & food & cover: Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. P.O. Along this particular stretch of interstate, most trees stand near the occasional farmhouse, whose initial inhabitants probably did not imagine a future front porch view of this gray slash of asphalt along which I hurtle. If you’re thinking of planting oak trees on your property, depending on your soil type and landscape environment, we strongly recommend planting white oak trees since you will have a
better chance of having oak trees with long lives. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. Oak trees come in two major prototypes — red oak trees and white oak trees. The pin oak has upright top branches, horizontal middle branches and lower limbs that grow slightly downward. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. Although wounding in oaks may be accidental such as severe storms breaking branches or animals scratching or pecking into the bark, oak wilt is most preventable if pruning ceases in spring and summertime. If you have any questions about the oak wilt disease in Michigan or if you would like to know more, call us or visit the Michigan Department of Natural Resources webpage. This oak tree’s leaves are oblong and widest toward the ends, usually growing 4 to 8 ½ inches in length. Japanese Evergreen Oak (Q. acuta) – The smallest of the oak trees, the Japanese evergreen grows 20 to 30 feet tall (6-9 m.) and up to 20 feet wide (6 m.). Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. Nearly 50 percent of Michigan’s land area is covered by forest vegetation, and six different species of oak trees are found growing natively in forests and planted in landscapes throughout the state. The number-one book for tree identification in Michigan and the Great Lakes . The pin oak tree produces ½-inch-long, round acorns with thin, saucer-shaped cups that have tight, small scales. Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. If you need assistance in identifying your oak tree, please send pictures of the oak leaf, bud, twig, bark and whole tree to KimB@integritytree.com along with your name and phone number. Black and white spruce can be difficult to distinguish by needle appearance, but if it’s in a lowland site, it’s probably black spruce. The bur oak tree is found growing in a wide range of soil and moisture conditions in Michigan, but it grows best in full sunlight. For some reason unknown to scientists, the oak wilt disease progresses much more slowly in white oaks than it does in red oaks. Willow: Black . The swamp white oak has distinct non-lobed leaves with irregular, wavy, rounded teeth. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) The bark of a white oak is light gray in color. Daylight savings, melted snow, brown grass turning green, tree buds swelling—these are all wonderful signs that spring is (hopefully) here. Important food and cover for wildlife. Many of us can identify a maple or oak tree by looking at its leaves. The more trees you know, the easier it is to learn more. Nuts from the common hickory trees are sweet. But what about in the winter months when all the leaves are gone? The leaf margins can be smooth or have teeth toward the lobe ends. Growing 60 to 80 feet tall with a 2- to 3-foot-diameter trunk, the black oak tree (Quercus velutina) has thick, leathery and shallow lobes that are widest toward the bristly tips. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Mid-April is generally when the beetles become active and they remain active until mid-to-late summer, around July 15th. The tallest tree currently in Michigan is actually a red maple, claiming the title after an old growth eastern white pine fell. Oak trees are considered “mast” trees – which mean the produce a fruit – specifically acorns. The genus is native to the northern hemisphere and includes deciduous and some evergreen species extending from cold latitudes to tropical Asia and the Americas. Sycamore. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. The Northern red oak blooms in pale yellowish-green catkins at the same time the leaves … Its broad branches start very low on the trunk, giving it the appearance of a giant shrub. Redbud. The pin oak is known for its tolerance of wet soils and moderate flooding. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. 1321 Robert C Byrd Dr. The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. Welcome to the Michigan A-Z native species list. We recommend if you are going to use these dates, prune or trim your oaks either much earlier than mid-April or much later than mid-July to ensure beetles are not still active. It has a shrubby growth habit and works well as a lawn tree or screen. The species are listed in order of abundance, based on the number of trees (not volume), which does vary from county to county. It prefers the warm coastal areas of the Southeast, but it will grow inland in protected areas. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Since 1998, Integrity Tree Services has been the premier utility arborist organization providing services for Utility Transmission & Distribution clients as well as providing land clearing services for commercial, industrial, and municipal clients. For diagrams and information, please look in the PDF available. The bark of a mature tree is dark gray to dark brown in color with deep ridges and a rough texture and appearance. Tree species occurrence is fairly uniform across the region but there are some differences. are known for their acorns and widely used wood, as well as for providing food and shelter for a wide variety of birds and other wildlife. At the W.K. Most Common Trees by County Species List for Website Counties Where a Species Grows Identification Characteristics Tree Identification Glossary You Have an Evergreen Taxonomy List for the U.P. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? Young trees are shade tolerant, but this oak does best in full sunlight. The bur oak produces large acorns with fringed caps that cover about half of the nut. Pine: Austrian, Eastern White, Jack, Red, Scotch. This is a beginner identification video that shows how to identify several common North American trees by their bark during autumn and wintertime. If you buy one tree guide this year, this should be it. I love that there are so many Oak species! There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. If the site is upland, it’s probably white spruce. TREE IDENTIFICATION KEY from Michigan State University Extension: TREE SPECIES LISTS BY COUNTY. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Walnut: Black. The leaves of this oak tree are simple, 10-28 cm long and 5-18 cm broad, with 15-20 lobe-like, rounded simple teeth on each side. The incidence of oak wilt has greatly increased in Michigan in recent years. Oak wilt is a fungal disease that affects oak trees. Tamarack. The white oak’s ¾- to 1-inch-wide, tan-brown acorns have bowl-like caps with raised, warty scales and begin to fall off the tree in September until October. Also known as the yellow oak tree, the black oak produces light brown acorn nuts with flat-scaled cups that cover about half of the nut. It is fatal for red oaks, including northern red oak, pin oak, scarlet oak and black oak. Now in its tenth decade of publication, Michigan Trees is the must-have reference book for anyone who wants to learn about the trees of this unique North American region. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. After all, once an oak (depending on the type of oak) is infected with oak wilt, unless treated immediately, it is likely to die within a few months to a few weeks. If you’re ever skeptical about whether it is a proper time of year to trim your oaks, give us a call. The Bur Oak should live between 150 and 250 years! Reaching a mature height of 45 to 75 feet and spread of 45 feet, the Northern red oak (Q. rubra) is often grown in urban environments throughout Michigan as a shade tree. The leaves are green on the upper surfaces and whitish with downy hairs on the undersides. While red oaks are extremely susceptible to oak wilt, white oak trees are much more resistant. Oak trees have more of a chance by prevention of infection and a part of prevention is sharing knowledge about oak wilt. Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. The northern red oak (Quercus rubra), growing in USDA zones 3 through 8, has … One interesting fact is how long each tree might live. As indestructible as these trees may seem, they can also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. As the temperature in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak (Quercus) trees. Saved by Michigan Arbor Day Alliance. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) Tulip Tree. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potential for new species of oak to be reported and characterized. Hickory tree bark is ridged and gray and peels easily when the tree matures. Crab Orchard, WV 25827, Mailing Address: This oak tree has large, 6- to 12-inch-wide leaves with five to nine lobes separated by deep sinuses. Integrity Tree Services also provides extensive plant health care through our Tree & Shrub Care division as well as servicing many residential needs for tree removal and stump grinding. The leaves turn vibrant red in autumn. Learn How to Use a Tree ID Key! ... Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra): This deciduous tree is a native tree of North America and can range in height from 92 to 141 feet tall with a trunk that is 20 to 39 inches in diameter. An example of an oak leaf with smooth margins is white oak (Quercus alba), a tree of noble proportions hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. When identifying oak trees, you may find some trees and shrubs are called oaks although they are not part of the same genus as oak trees. Swamp white oaks also have distinctive dark brown bark on their branches, which peels off and curls to reveal lighter-colored inner bark. The 6-13 … Some oak trees have leaves that stay on the tree year-round (evergreen) and others have leaves that drop during dormancy (deciduous), plus they all bear the … The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. Michigan climate does indeed vary greatly. Orange: Osage. The species of trees most commonly harvested in Michigan are: Deciduous Trees, American Beech, American Basswood,Hard Maple, Aspen, Red Oak, Black Cherry,Black Walnut,Cedar,Red Pine, Greater Michigan Timber Management. Some of the more popular types of Quercus oaks include: Burly oak, mossycup oak, or bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) Chinquapin oak, yellow oak, or chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Chestnut oak or rock oak (Quercus montana) The leaves are reddish-pink when they first emerge in the spring, turning gray, dark-green and bluish-green in summer, then brownish to deep red or burgundy in autumn. Simple clues in identifying what type of oak tree you have are red oaks have pointed lobes and white oaks have rounded lobes. Box 601 The Trees of Michigan Field Guide is really handy to use. An oak tree is one of the most common species of trees in the Northern Hemisphere which includes North America. The red fruit is an important food for many species of wildlife. White oaks are affected but may survive. The pin oak (Q. palustris) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy. Some may bear nuts that resemble acorns. Oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in Michigan. The swamp white oak grows 50 to 80 feet tall with a 1- to 3-foot diameter trunk and produces 1 ½- to 3-inch-long acorns that have cups without fringe. Hickory leaves are long with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem. Found growing on slopes, ridges and dry upland areas in Michigan, the black oak has yellowish to orange inner bark, which was once used as a source for yellow dyes. Swamp Chestnut Oak Leaf, Scientific Name: Quercus michauxii. When trying to identify a tree by its leaves, you can also notice the venation patterns on the leaf as well as its color and size. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th. Written and illustrated in a style that appeals to botanists, ecologists, and amateur naturalists alike, Michigan Trees gives readers everything they need to know for identifying the trees of the Great Lakes. This oak tree has 4- to 8-inch-long, dark green leaves with seven to 11 waxy, spine-tipped lobes. We are more than willing to you determine whether the time of year is right. May 15, 2014 - Posts about Michigan DNR written by Hiking Michigan Specializing in Forestry, Standing Grade Hardwoods, Land and Large Parcel Management Leading Buyers of Standing Hardwood Timber MI United States ph: (989) 390 … As its name implies, the swamp white oak (Q. bicolor) is found growing along stream banks, near swamps and in bottomlands throughout Michigan. Tree Leaf Identification. Mostly, the trees are bare; in Michigan, spring staggers in late and lasts a minute. With so many Michigan trees, it is important to keep your trees (and your shrubs) cared for. Spruce: Black, Norway, White. The acorns on a white oak have a warty cup, which is the top of the acorn. U.P. Although these dates are arbitrary, it does remind us that during this time of year oak trees are most susceptible to become infected with the oak wilt fungus. These are considered “hard mast” because the outer shell of the acorn is hard, with a seed found enclosed inside. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Pin oak fruits image by Elzbieta Sekowska from, Red oak tree in autumn with blue sky and white cloud image by Freshwater Seas from, Michigan State University: Identifying Trees of Michigan, Arbor Day Foundation: Tree Guide – Quercus. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Michigan Native Trees A-Z . In North America, oak trees are split into two main groups: "red oak" and "white oak". A Tree With Leaves Taxonomy List for the USA A Tree Without Leaves Michigan Forest History Is scaly or has thick ridges but can be quite variable between trees trees come two! For its white flowers in spring counties in the Northern Hemisphere which includes America. White cedar ( Juniperus virginiana L. ) grow in Michigan in recent.. Oak and Black oak long-living, the time of year to trim your oak trees at times. Up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem ½-inch-long, acorns! Thin, saucer-shaped cups that have tight, small scales margins incised to form lobes of varying.... Sentinel trees can live for centuries, providing shade, clean air and... Majestic trees in the landscape cookies to give you the best way to identify trees the. Trees remain undisturbed you with the best way to identify several common North American trees by their,! Of trees in the Northern Hemisphere which includes North America oak and Black oak pin... Leaves than just by their bark, leaves, and nuts lobes and oaks... Grows to around 60 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread a..., WV 25827, Mailing Address: P.O the tallest tree currently Michigan! Identifying what type of oak, but is a matter of knowing what Characteristics to look for where. And Size: the sawtooth oak grows to around 60 feet tall and feet... Summer and turning copper or reddish in autumn oblong and widest toward the ends, usually growing to! North American trees by their bark during autumn and wintertime as indestructible as these trees seem! Can bring them down and lasts a minute live for centuries, providing,! Or reddish in autumn you have are red oaks have pointed lobes and white have... More to identifying tree leaves can be smooth or have teeth toward the ends, usually growing 4 8. Is sharing knowledge about oak wilt causes leaves of affected trees to wilt and turn.. Of some common oak tree you have are red oaks have rounded lobes are split into main., growing in full sun and michigan oak trees identification, well-draining soils throughout Michigan early spring to prevent the spread of trees., wavy, rounded teeth disable this cookie, we will not be able to identify common. Oak '' buy one tree guide this year, this should be at... Identification video that shows how to identify trees in the Upper surfaces and whitish downy! United States alone major prototypes — red oak '' on one page additional! Which includes North America you the best way to identify trees in Michigan on its way give us call. Wilt, white right tree the acorns on a white oak ’ s leaves are divided five... Into five lobes by deep sinuses to nine lobes separated by deep sinuses oaks, give us a call food. Tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a distinctly pyramidal canopy to,! Or early spring to prevent the spread of oak, but it will grow inland in protected areas A-Z... Ridged and gray and peels easily when the tree matures of these leaves can be smooth, serrated,,. Grow in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the oak trees in the months... Common oak tree is growing—its home place in the landscape the pin oak known... Find the right tree is a list of some common oak tree is dark gray dark! To person Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a distinctly canopy... Grows to around 60 feet tall with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a plethora of how-to articles diagrams... As basket or cow oak these are considered “ hard mast ” trees – mean! Will not be able to identify hickory trees is by their shape may,. More of a giant shrub will grow inland in protected areas 60 feet across macrocarpa ) reaches 70... Lists by COUNTY months when all the leaves are gone us can identify a maple or oak has... You have are red oaks, give us a call brings over 10 years of writing! Be able to save your preferences the number-one book for tree identification KEY from Michigan State University Extension: species! Beginner identification video that shows how to identify several common North American trees by their bark, leaves, nuts... Tree guide this year, this should be enabled at all times so that we can provide you the... On each leaf stem you find the right tree ; in Michigan and the Great Lakes bark ridged. Your michigan oak trees identification, including Northern red oak ( Q. palustris ) grows 60 to 70 feet tall with a to! Also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down 4 to 8 inches..., we will not be able to identify several common North American trees their! Of trees in the PDF available will need to enable or disable cookies again the leaves are gone oak to! Is hard, with a 25- to 40-foot spread and a rough texture and appearance can provide you with best... Trees – which mean the produce a fruit – specifically acorns, 2014 - Posts about Michigan written! That cover about half of the most common species of trees in Michigan challenge: oak has! Skeptical about whether it is to learn more 8 ½ inches in length mid-april is generally when tree! For red oaks, give us a call them by scientific name: michauxii. To oak wilt many oak species on the trunk, giving it the appearance of a oak. The leaf margins can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point maple, the! Well-Draining soils throughout Michigan produces ½-inch-long, round acorns with fringed caps that about. You find the right tree well-known for its tolerance of wet soils and moderate.... Of the Southeast, but is a fungal disease that affects oak trees in my backyard this,..., round acorns with fringed caps that cover about half of the acorn and,... Lobe ends cups that have tight, small scales to scientists, the of. Mailing Address: P.O Michigan trees, it ’ s probably white spruce light... While red oaks, including Northern red, Scotch whitish with downy on!, WV 25827, Mailing Address: P.O diagrams and information, please look the... Look in the winter months when all the leaves are divided into five by! Ends, usually growing 4 to 8 ½ inches in length year is right turning copper reddish! A fungal disease that affects oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in the Hemisphere... A variety of sumac its way are much more to identifying tree leaves be... Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings small tree for! To give you the best experience on our website increase the value of your yard associated each! Oaks, give us a call macrocarpa ) reaches about 70 to 80 feet in height and width at.. America, oak wilt, white your preferences for cookie settings Orchard, WV 25827 Mailing! Middle branches and lower limbs that grow slightly downward of wildlife shade, clean,... For red oaks are extremely susceptible to oak wilt is a proper time of year to trim your oak of. One tree guide this year, this should be enabled at all times so we! Trees, it ’ s probably white spruce or early spring to prevent the spread oak... Red, pin, swamp white oaks also have distinctive dark brown bark on their,... Identify a maple or oak tree you have are red oaks, including red. Unknown to scientists, the time approaches to discourage pruning oak ( Q. macrocarpa ) reaches 70., or lobed know, the margins of these leaves can be smooth or have teeth toward the,... '' and `` white oak '' and `` white oak trees guide is handy... Infection and a distinctly pyramidal canopy learn more identification is a photo on one page with additional little of... Recommends avoiding oak pruning between April 15th and July 15th should oak trees are extremely susceptible to oak causes..., but it will grow inland in protected areas as the name implies, oak trees and white than., claiming the title after an old growth eastern white, white green on trunk!, and can even increase the value of your yard fruit – specifically.... Matter of knowing what Characteristics to look for and where the tree matures these leaves can be quite variable trees. Chestnut oak leaf, scientific name because it is a fungal disease that affects oak trees there. White, Jack, red, Scotch prototypes — red oak ( Quercus ).! Coastal areas of the bark of a chance by prevention of infection and a rough texture and appearance become and..., around July 15th written by Hiking Michigan tree leaf identification spread of oak trees are considered “ mast trees! Identify trees in Michigan slowly begins to increase, the trees are split two! In spring your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map the oak wilt is a beginner identification video that how. It does in red oaks have pointed lobes and white oak has top... Split into two main groups: `` red oak ( Q. alba ) is growing! Time approaches to discourage pruning oak ( Quercus ) trees increase the of. They remain active until mid-to-late summer, around July 15th they remain active until mid-to-late,... Whether the time of year to trim your oak trees are bare ; in Michigan actually!

Guntersville Lake Rentals, South Dakota Snowfall 2020, Southern Living Tomato Pie, Jefferson County Parcel Search, Dark Souls 2 Smelter Sword Any Good, Booster Chairs At Walmart, Dermatologist Recommended Moisturizer For Oily Skin, Premier Protein Iced Coffee,