After traversing the island, the storm gradually weakened as it crossed the central Bahamas Islands and near Bermuda. The wave was around 91 feet (28 m) high from peak to trough, and around 660 feet (200 m) long. Hurricane Delta will likely strike the same area in southeastern Louisiana as Laura did just six weeks ago, and it won't be the first time an area has been hit more than once in the same season. Some of the subdivisions in this part of the county were completely destroyed, with a few key roads in the Perdido area only opened in late 2005, over a year after the storm hit. A Panama City Beach news station was nearly hit by an F2 tornado during the storm. Debris gathered in piles along the storm tide, exacerbating the damage when the floodwaters crashed into homes sitting on pilings. Furthermore, "shortfalls in donor financing and tax revenues, or events such as a further rise in global oil prices, pose a grave risk. While there were no casualties on the island, the Cuban government estimates that about $1.2 billion ($1.6 billion in 2019 USD) of property damage were directly due to Ivan. Hurricane Irma made landfall in Cuba with winds of nearly a hundred and sixty miles per hour. What happened in Cuba. NWS Pittsburgh Hourly Climate Data Archive, August, 2004. The system produced intense waves of up to 50 feet (15 m) near Cape Bonavista. Ivan lost tropical characteristics on September 18 while crossing Virginia, becoming an extratropical storm. , More than $150 million was sent to Grenada in 2004 to aid reconstruction following Ivan, but the economic situation remains fragile. The U.S. 90 causeway reopened first; the I-10 bridge reopened, with temporary repairs, in November. For other storms of the same name, see. Though the effects from the hurricane were concentrated primarily on Cuba, significant effects were also felt in the Cayman Islands and the Bahamas, with lesser effects felt elsewhere. But Hurricane Matthew looks like it could be looping back around to hit Florida again.  Many schools and businesses were closed in the Netherlands Antilles, and about 300 people evacuated their homes on Curaçao. Cuba is bracing for the impact of a one-two punch from the Trump administration: stricter travel rules and an official warning about visiting the island. Direct hit by Ivan in New Orleans could mean a modern Atlantis. In addition, residents of 24 other counties in Florida were eligible for grants and loans.  Several other ships in the immediate area were also hampered by the storm. When Ivan first became a Category 3 hurricane on September 3 (6 p.m. UTC), it was centered near 10.2 degrees north from the equator. In Connecticut, high winds moved in quickly and unexpectedly, and a boater was killed when his trimaran capsized in 50-knot winds on Long Island Sound. However, Plaquemines and St. Bernard Parishes suffered a moderate amount of wind damage. This record was broken two years later by Pacific Hurricane/Typhoon Ioke, which had 36 (33 consecutive) six-hour periods at Category 4 strength. Irma hit the Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago late on Friday, threatening nearby coastal towns and villages. Tropical Storm Eta, the lingering former hurricane that hit Central America last week, lashed parts of South Florida after slamming Cuba, officials said.  Over five hundred homes on Barbados and around 60 homes in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were either damaged or destroyed. Much of Grand Cayman still remained without power, water, or sewer services for several months later. Ivan reached its peak strength with a minimum central pressure of 910 millibars (27 inHg) on September 12. The cyclone had a path through the Caribbean Sea atypical to most hurricanes developing late in the Atlantic hurricane season. In open waters, the storm's track brought it across numerous shipping lanes, largely disrupting shipping primarily in the central Caribbean and damaging several ships. , On September 26, 2006, over two years after Ivan struck the region, funding for the last 501 FEMA-provided trailers ran out for those living in Santa Rosa and Escambia counties.  In Florida, Blountstown, Marianna, and Panama City Beach suffered three of the most devastating tornadoes. Between August 25 – September 8, 1979, Hurricane David headed for the Caribbean sea with its most ravaging impacts felt on the island of Dominica on August 29. Some hurricane information sources put the winds from Hurricane Ivan near 130 mph (210 km/h) (Category 4) upon landfall in Alabama and northwestern Florida. Once over the Gulf of Mexico, Ivan weakened slightly to Category 4 strength, which it maintained while approaching the Gulf Coast of the United States. "Letter from the Cayman Islands Government Office in the United Kingdom, 8 October 2004", "Taylor Energy oil platform, destroyed in 2004 during Hurricane Ivan, is still leaking in Gulf", https://www.al.com/news/erry-2018/09/338f6e161d3228/remembering-hurricane-ivan-14.html#:~:text=Ivan's%20damage&text=Total%20losses%20from%20Ivan%20were%20estimated%20at%20%2418.82%20billion.&text=%F0%9F%8C%AC%EF%B8%8F14%20Years%20Ago%20%2D%20Hurricane,Monroe%20%26%20Wilcox%20counties%20in%20Alabama, "Hurricane Ivan's Last Gasp Leaves New York Region Soaked". Cape Cruz recorded wind gusts of 148 mph (239 km/h), although stronger winds could have occurred there.  During the day, the storm passed approximately 50 mi (80 km) north of Punta Gallinas in Colombia, the northernmost extent of South America. , Ivan set 18 new records for intensity at low latitudes. Sam Champion has the latest news on the devastating storm in the Atlantic. Despite strict building codes which made the islands' buildings well able to withstand even major hurricanes, Ivan's winds and storm surge were so strong that a quarter or more of the buildings on the islands were reported to be uninhabitable, with 85% damaged to some extent.  On November 8, the S.S. Phemius was found damaged and later towed to shore by a salvage tug. At Cienfuegos, the storm produced waves of 15 feet (4.6 m), and Pinar del Río recorded 13.3 inches (340 mm) of rainfall. , Along with the 14 deaths in Florida, Ivan is blamed for eight deaths in North Carolina, two in Georgia, and one in Mississippi. It was the last storm to make landfall in Alabama until Hurricane Sally. While crossing over the Mid-Atlantic states, Ivan's remnants spawned 117 tornadoes across the eastern United States, with the 40 tornadoes spawned in Virginia on September 17 setting a daily record for the commonwealth.  Finally, at midnight (UTC) on September 9 while centered at 13.7 degrees north, Ivan became the most southerly Category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin. Next week for the first time on record, two hurricanes could hit the Gulf of Mexico at the same time. But that may not be the case with Hurricane Matthew, which could be poised to pull a rare U-turn and hit Florida twice, wreaking even more havoc as the region tries to recover. TAMPA, Fla. (WFLA) – Two years ago this morning, Florida was bracing for what was set to be the most powerful Atlantic hurricane ever. In addition to the damage to the southern portions of the state, there was extensive damage to the state's electrical grid. , The town of Santa Cruz del Sur in Camagüey Province was virtually obliterated by a massive storm surge which measured 6.5 m (21.3 ft) in height.  It was replaced by Igor for the 2010 season.  Damage across the territory was catastrophic, with losses amounting to $2.86 billion (equivalent to $3.87 billion in 2019) or 183 percent of its gross domestic product. , Elsewhere in the Caribbean, a pregnant woman was killed in Tobago when a tree fell on top of her home, and a 75-year-old Canadian woman drowned in Barbados. The storm weakened to Category 4 intensity while recurving northeast, moving ashore Cuba's Camagüey Province on November 9 with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). $889 million was spent to repair Department of Defense facilities. "Grenada Making Comeback from Hurricane Ivan", "USAID/Jamaica – CAR Hurricane Ivan Recovery Program in Jamaica", United States Agency for International Development, "Fact Sheet: Responding to Hurricanes Ivan and Jeanne", United States Department of Homeland Security, "Alabama Disaster Assistance Approaches $735 Million Dollars", "Hurricane Ivan Recovery In The Panhandle Adds Up To $1.4 Billion", "Disaster Application Deadline Approaches", NHC Tropical Cyclone Report for Hurricane Ivan, "Waves Hit Navarre Pier Hard During Hurricane Ivan's Approach", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Ivan&oldid=993437763, Hurricanes in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Articles with dead external links from September 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 16:38. In Mississippi, evacuation of mobile homes and vulnerable areas took place in Hancock, Jackson, and Harrison counties. As a tropical storm of superior range, almost classifying as a hurricane, Delta could hit Pinar del Río, Cuba, on Tuesday evening.  The ship Balboa also sank in the George Town harbor as a result of the storm. , In the Cayman Islands, Governor Bruce Dinwiddy described damage as "very, very severe and widespread." As a result of the rain, a major debris flow of mud, rocks, trees, and water surged down Peek's Creek, near Franklin, North Carolina, sweeping away 15 houses and killing five people.. About a thousand special-needs patients were housed at the Louisiana Superdome during the storm. As this report did not occur within the hurricane's eye, the storm's true minimum pressure may have been much less. , Some damage was reported in northern South America as the hurricane swept near the coast. Ivan passed directly over Grenada on September 7, 2004, killing 39 people. Hurricane Ivan was a large, long-lived, Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States. Delta, meanwhile, was forecast to become a hurricane before hitting Cuba, and then intensify with winds around 100 mph (160 kph) before making landfall on the U.S. Gulf Coast around Friday. About $600 million was earmarked for emergency repairs to highways and road damaged by Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne. 66 health clinics, 25 schools, and 62 water and sanitation systems were repaired during the first phase of recovery. By 3 p.m. UTC on September 6, the hurricane watches and tropical storm watches and warnings were upgraded to a hurricane warning and expanded to: Barbados, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Tobago, and Grenada. On the morning of September 21, the remnant mid-level circulation of Ivan combined with a frontal system. , As it passed over the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana, Ivan caused the destruction of Taylor Energy's Mississippi Canyon 20-A production platform, 550 ft (170 m) above 28 producing oil and gas wells drilled in water 479 ft (146 m) deep. A tropical storm warning was issued for Saint Vincent and Grenadines and Tobago and Grenada.  The remnant circulation of Ivan persisted for another day, before dissipating on September 25. Eta hit land late Sunday as it blew over Lower Matecumbe, in the middle of the chain of small islands that form the Keys, but the heavily populated areas of Miami-Dade and Broward Counties bore the brunt of the fury.  Due to a gradual curve towards the northeast, the hurricane tracked near Cayman Brac on November 9; a minimum barometric pressure of 939 mbar (hPa; 27.73 inHg) was documented on the island.  Although effects overall were generally minimal, some localized areas on the island experienced as much as a 50% loss of banana trees due to the storm.  The storm passed over Grenada on September 7, battering several of the Windward Islands. This means the winds were about 215 km/h. Iota became the 30th storm this season.Before Iota, there was Theta, the season’s 29th named storm, breaking the annual record set in 2005, the year Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast..  This was followed by a search operation undertaken by the USS Overton (DD-239) and USS Swan (AM-34). The capital, St. George's, was severely damaged and several notable buildings were destroyed, including the residence of the prime minister.  Concurrently as the storm was gradually intensifying, the tropical cyclone began to take an unusual course towards the southwest.  In Jamaica, the storm's passage to the west caused intense winds as strong as 71 mph (114 km/h) to sweep across the island, destroying over 2 million trees. Over half of the $7 billion (2004 USD) was to cover uninsured damage to property and public infrastructure. Hurricane Ike made its second landfall in Cuba on Tuesday and churned toward the Gulf of Mexico on a path that began to look less threatening for the heart of U.S. oil production. Gives Jamaica ,50,000 for School Equipment and Supplies".  Due to sparse reports from the remainder of Colombia, the extent of damage in Barranquilla remains unspecified, with other nearby towns reporting "heavy" damage. Marco weakened to a tropical storm on its path to Louisiana and Texas, according to National Hurricane Center. Approximately $400 million was given by the United States Department of Agriculture to provide financial assistance agricultural producers suffering crop and other losses. By 2005, 55 schools and colleges were repaired, while restoration of 1,560 houses had occurred.  When Ivan entered the Gulf of Mexico, U.S. Hurricane warnings issued as Gulf Coast prepares for back-to-back strikes from Marco and Laura. Hurricane Ivan was also the strongest hurricane to hit Alabama since Hurricane Frederic in 1979, which was a category 4. Tropical storm made landfall in Cuba with maximum sustained winds of 100km/h and was headed for southern Florida. Ivan Flooding Situation Reports: September 28, 2004, Situation Report #15. The cyclone had a path through the Caribbean Sea atypical to most hurricanes developing late in the Atlantic hurricane season.  Although the S.S. Phemius would later return safely to port in Cuba, reports that the ship had lost its smokestack and the relaying of an SOS message prompted the United Fruit Company liner Tela to search for the initially missing ship, which failed due to poor visibility conditions. , With the hurricane threatening Jamaica, Pan American World Airways cancelled its flights servicing Kingston, Jamaica. As of December 2007, roads remained closed on Pensacola Beach because of damage from Ivan's storm surge. Barely six months since then, the work to recover may have to start over again.  To the northeast in Curacao, the passing hurricane destroyed the island harbor's fortifications. , On September 20, Ivan's remnant surface low completed an anticyclonic loop and moved across the Florida peninsula. , In western North Carolina, many streams and rivers reached well above flood stage in an area that was heavily flood damaged just a week and a half prior from the remnants of Hurricane Frances, causing many roads to be closed. It hit Nicaragua as a Category 4 hurricane, killing at least 120 people as torrential rains caused flash floods and mudslides in parts of Central America and Mexico. This produced a plume of moisture over the Canadian Maritimes for four days, producing heavy rainfall totaling 6.2 inches (160 mm) in Gander, Newfoundland. "Shelters on the Gulf Coast fill up as Dennis strengthens", "Fla. Keys evacuate after Ivan pummels Caribbean, kills 1", "Twenty-seventh Session, RA IV Hurricane Committee: Final Report", Macro Socio-Economic Assessment of the Damage and Losses Caused by Hurricane Paloma, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, "Caribbean: Hurricane Ivan Information Bulletin", Costliest U.S. tropical cyclones tables update, "Grenada: Direct Relief's programme activities update Jun 2006", "Twenty-Seventh Session RA IV Hurricane Committee", "Barbados: Hurricane Ivan housing recovery project winding-up", "U.S. The category of the hurricane dropped to 4 when it crossed over Cuba and the Florida Keys. The Small Business Administration (SBA) used $472 million to provide loans for small businesses and homeowners affected by the storm. Hurricane warnings issued as Gulf Coast prepares for back-to-back strikes from Marco and Laura. Marked, albeit localized, damage to banana crops was also reported in Jamaica, where strong winds toppled numerous trees. Cuba’s 2008 Hurricane Season. In addition, the National Flood Insurance Program paid nearly $869 million for more than 9,800 insurance claims after Ivan. 110 people died on the islands; one of them was on Grand Cayman, 69 died on Cayman Brac, and 40 were lost on ships at sea. , Although no warnings were issued initially, the National Observatory of Cuba voiced concerns that the intense tropical cyclone presented a danger to Cuba, particularly Camagüey Province, as early as November 5. Hurricane Irma hit northern Cuba on Saturday, bringing pounding rain and wind to the city of Caibarien, according to CNN. Barbuda's government issued a watch for Hurricane Jose. The United States Army Corps of Engineers used $81 million for restoration of coastal areas affected by Ivan. However, because of its proximity to the Jamaican coast, the island was battered with hurricane-force winds for hours. Thirty-two more deaths in the United States were indirectly attributed to Ivan. That's twice as much as all bombs used in World War II. BELOW: Hurricane Betsy (1965) made landfall in Key Largo as a Category 3 hurricane. Tropical Storm Gordonpasses to the west of the country, producing upwar… After steamrolling into Central America last week as a major hurricane, Tropical Storm Eta struck Cuba on Sunday with 65 mile-per-hour (100 kilometer-per-hour) winds and heavy rains. Tropical Depression 26 became Tropical Storm Delta on Monday morning, and its potential path threatens western Cuba, where Tropical Storm Laura passed through just over a month ago, according to the U.S. National Hurricane Center and Cuba's Meteorological Institute. There, two five-story condominium buildings were undermined to the point of collapse by Ivan's storm surge of 14 feet (4.3 m). Timeline . , The storm devastated the Cayman Islands, especially Cayman Brac which was inundated by the storm surge, which was reported to be as high as 10 m (33 ft). Simultaneously, a tropical storm warning was issued for Trinidad. On September 7, the hurricane warning in effect for several countries was downgraded to a tropical storm warning. Hurricane Eta hits Nicaragua as Cat 4. The National Hurricane Center said that the rapid strengthening of Ivan on September 5 was unprecedented at such a low latitude in the Atlantic basin. Ivan formed in early September, and reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS). Most hurricanes that hit the East Coast tend to move northwest around the Bermuda high. , Residents and business owners in eight parishes of Louisiana became eligible for disaster assistance. Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency. Later that day, the storm intensified rapidly, and by 5 p.m. EDT (UTC–4), Ivan became a Category 4 hurricane with winds of 130 miles per hour (210 km/h). The 1932 Cuba hurricane, known also as the Hurricane of Santa Cruz del Sur or the 1932 Camagüey hurricane, was the deadliest and one of the most intense tropical cyclones on record to have made landfall in Cuba. Naval Research Laboratory", Hurricane Ivan: The overview; Hurricane's Fury Kills 23 Along Gulf, Hurricane Ivan Roars through the Caribbean and United States Gulf Coast, "Tropical Depression Ivan Special Discussion Number 67", "Public Advisory Number 77 for Remnant Low of Ivan", "September 25 Tropical Weather Discussion", "September 25 Tropical Weather Discussion (2)", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "State of the Climate Hurricanes & Tropical Storms September 2004", "NRL Measures Record Wave During Hurricane Ivan", "Hurricane Ivan kills at least 14 in Caribbean", "Ivan leaves at least 12 dead in Grenada", "500,000 to evacuate, Many refuse to leave", "Storm Weary Florida Braces for Hurricane Ivan". Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Ivan weakened rapidly that evening and became a tropical depression on the same day, still over Alabama. If Hurricane Irma hitting Cuba and Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico had one thing in common it was that - despite ample warning - they seemed to take many by surprise. See also: 2000 Atlantic hurricane season 1. The cyclone was the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane and the fourth major hurricane of the active 2004 Atlantic hurricane season.Ivan formed in early September, and reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS). This list may not reflect recent changes .  Elsewhere along the coast, many of Colombia's seaports were damaged by the storm's effects, while inland farms suffered extensive flood damage. It is one of only two Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes ever recorded in November, the other being 2020's Iota. Cuba is no stranger to hurricanes, but 2008 was a particularly savage season, with major impacts on its prized western tobacco regions. * List of Cuba hurricanes; 0–9. 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