amaranth scientific name

carelessweed. There is currently a resurgence in the popularity of amaranth 500 years after it was eaten as staple food by ancient Mesoamericans, and it is available as part of a wide range of commercial foodstuffs in many parts of the world. Amaranth's use as an herbal medicine is derived mainly from its high content of vitamins and minerals. Both the leaves and the seeds are nutritionally dense and are good sources of dietary fibre, calcium, and iron; the seeds are also high in protein. Omissions? Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Amaranth. In fact, the growing gluten-free market can be seen as one of the main driving forces for the increased production and use of amaranth. English: African spinach; callaloo; green amaranth; rough pigweed; wild amaranth Aluminium lakes can be produced similar to other azo-dyes (EFSA, 2010e). A review by Alemayehu et al. It is native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a great number of habitats. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Amaranth starch is characterized by the small size of granules, low amylose content, high water-binding capacity, good freeze–thaw stability, resistance to mechanical shear, and excellent gelling and thickening properties (Wilhelm, Aberle, Burchard, & Landers, 2002; Zhao & Whistler, 1994). The embryo is covered by the seedcoat, endosperm, and pericarp, which are similar to the bran fraction in cereals. Your Name. Scientific Name Other Common Names; AMFIF: Amaranthus fimbriatus (Torr.) Amaranth is a red azo-dye with the chemical name trisodium 2-hydroxy-1-(4-sulfonato-1-naphthylazo)naphthalene-3,6-disulfonate manufactured by coupling 4-amino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid with 3-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Figure 2.1d). Amaranth was long forgotten partially because it was prohibited for food use due to religious reasons after the Spanish conquest of the New World. Scientific Studies on benefits and uses of the Red Amaranth • Radiomodulatory / Gamma Irradiation: In pretreated irradiated animals the level of GSH was significantly higher but LPO level decreased significantly. ©S.D. It is of nutritional interest to find that amaranth grains contain relatively higher level of iron than that in cereal grains. In the Mediterranean region amaranth is grown as a leafy vegetable. Stefano D’Amico, Regine Schoenlechner, in Gluten-Free Ancient Grains, 2017. fimbriatus : fringed amaranth Classification. In Mexico, it is called huautli ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwawtli] and alegría ( [aleˈɣɾi.a] and in English it has several common names, including blood amaranth, red amaranth, purple amaranth, prince's feather, and Mexican grain amaranth. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). For amaranth seeds a wide range of harvest yields has been reported. The leaves can be eaten fresh or cooked like spinach and are often added to salads or soups. Chemical composition of amaranth grains from various speciesa. There is no worldwide data on amaranth cultivation. Amaranth can be grown in marginal land with poor soil conditions. Amaranth is a highly nutritional grain with a protein content of 13.2%–18.4% (depending on the species) the majority of which are globulins. The production of gluten-free bread and bakery products or pasta using amaranth flour is of great interest now, since the need for gluten-free products is increasing due to an increased prevalence of celiac disease and gluten-sensitivity. Summarizing all affected persons together, the market can be estimated to be around 8–10% of the global population. Scientific name: Amaranthus spp Family: Amaranthaceae Common name: Pigweed (English), Hanekam (Afrikaans), Thepe (Sesotho), Imbuya (isiZulu), Vowa (Tshivenda) Origin and distribution. Angiosperm, any of about 300,000 species of flowering plants, the largest and most diverse...…. A number of species, including love-lies-bleeding (Amaranthus caudatus), prince’s feather (A. hypochondriacus), and Joseph’s coat (A. tricolor), are common garden ornamentals. Biscuits containing Amaranth showed a loss of 39–45% promoted by the use of baking soda, sucrose, and dextrose. Amaranth is used for ulcers, diarrhea, swelling of the mouth or throat, and high cholesterol, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Benth. ... Mat amaranth (Amaranthus graecizans) An annual species, found in Auckland City and Dargaville, and around the East Cape, but most common in Central Otago. This is an erect, annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m (9.8 ft). Celosia argentea var. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. Amaranth is one of the few multipurpose plants that can supply grains and leafy vegetables of high nutritional quality for use as food and feed. Flowers are predominantly purple, red, pink, orange, or green. At least one species, Palmer’s amaranth (A. palmeri), has developed resistance to the common herbicide glyphosate and is a troublesome pest in genetically modified cotton and soybean crops in the United States. The main amaranth-producing countries are the tropical regions of South America, but also of Africa (especially for leaves of the amaranth plant), Central, and Southeast Asia (especially India), and to a minor extent also the warmer regions of North America. Table 6.1. Table 1. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Since the 1970s, there has been a renaissance in the production and processing of amaranth because of its potential as a highly nutritional food grain (Berghofer and Schoenlechner, 2002). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The species have usually a haploid chromosome number of n = 16 (A. hypochondriacus L., A. cruentus L., A. caudatus L, Amaranthus quitensis L., Amaranthus edulis L., Amaranthus powellii L., and Amaranthus retroflexus L.) or n = 17 (Amaranthus tricolor L. and Amaranthus spinosus L.). ex S. Watson var. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. slender amaranth; Other Scientific Names. Amaranthus gracilis Poit. The leaves are relatively broad and the blossom strands can reach a length of up to 90 cm. The tetraploid species as Amaranthus dubius L. have 4n = 64 chromosomes. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Nowadays, grain amaranth is grown in Central and Latin America, China and Russia. The major metabolite found in the plasma and urine is naphthionic acid. Consequently, the absorption of intact Amaranth is rather limited (EFSA, 2010e). The results of these studies lead to the establishment of an ADI of 0.15 mg/kg bw. Updates? This has been investigated for different products (eg, bread, pasta, cookies, biscuits, beverages) by several researchers. Tag: Amaranth Scientific Name. Leaves are mid to light green and deeply veined and up to 15cm long. Description. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Popping of amaranth is a very interesting alternative use of amaranth because popped amaranth presents a nutty flavor, and thus, may enhance the palatability of food products. AMHYC2: Amaranthus hybridus L. var. Up to 20% amaranth addition does not really ask for intensive adaptation of preparation processes. In the United States, the use of Amaranth was discontinued after 1976 as a result of concerns regarding its safety-in-use. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Amaranth seeds are creamy to golden colored, lenticular shaped, and have a diameter of about 1 mm, ranging from 0.9 to 1.7 mm. Chemical Compositions of Amaranth Seeds. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. It is a good crop for greens especially during the summer months when it … J.R.N. Several species of amaranth have been used for food by Native Americans and pre-Columbian civilizations since prehistoric times. Amaranth plants typically are annuals or short-lived perennials. Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. The relatively very large size of the embryo is shown in Fig. 6.2 (partially dehulled amaranth seed). It was an important staple food for the ancient Mayan and Aztec cultures; it was prohibited during the Spanish occupation. Amaranth is an annual plant, which can grow up to a height of 0.5–3 m, depending on the species. Amaranth possesses high stress tolerance to drought, salinity, alkalinity or acid soil conditions. Amaranthus viridis L. (1763) Preferred Common Name. The maximum permitted level across all food categories is 100 mg/l for some spirituous beverages (bitter soda, bitter vino, Americano). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 0. Palmer amaranth. She has her M.S.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A general overview about macronutrients is given in Table 6.1. The main aim of adding amaranth to such cereal products is usually their nutritional enhancement. Chromosome number varies with species in amaranth. Gluten-free products like bread and pasta with amaranth have been studied by some researchers (Calderon de la Barca, 2010; Schoenlechner, Drausinger, Ottenschlaeger, Jurackova, & Berghofer, 2010), but still remain under-researched compared to major crops. There is much greater cultivation in Russia, amounting to about 100,000 ha (Moudry et al., 1999). Amaranthus retroflexus, true to one of its common names, forms a tumbleweed. The nutty-tasting seeds can be popped, cooked into a porridge, or ground into a flour for use in baked goods (typically mixed with grain flours). Fruit cap… Amaranth can be used in many food applications like cooking, popping, extrusion, fermentation, bread baking, or pasta. Saag, the Indian moniker for green leafy vegetables, forms an integral part of various regional cuisines in the country.Loaded with vitamins and essential minerals, it is the best way of fueling up on the season’s best offerings. Worldwide, yields seem to vary from 2 to 5.5 tonnes/ha. Gloria A. Martínez-MedinaArely Prado BarragánHéctor A. RuizAnna IlyinaJosé L. Martínez HernándezRosa Maria Rodríguez-JassoJosé L. Hoyos-ConchaCristóbal Noé Aguilar-González, in Enzymes in Food Biotechnology, 2019. Amaranth is one of the oldest grain crops known. Scientific Name Genus: Gomphrena. Whole seeds can be consumed directly after cooking in threefold water or they can be popped by short and dry heat (without fat addition). Amaranthus palmeri. Amaranth grains are relatively high in tocopherol (546 ppm), riboflavin, etc. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2006 - CC BY 4.0 Amaranth / Kulitis production guide. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The degradation of Amaranth may lead to the presence of naphthenic acid equivalent to the loss of Amaranth. Feeds Vegetable amaranth can also be used in feedlots for cattle or other intensively reared animals. The yield depends on many factors, for example, low seed yields of 450–700 kg/ha on dry land were significantly increased to 900–2000 kg/ha by irrigation. Only three species are commonly grown as minor food crops in modern agriculture: red amaranth (A. cruentus), love-lies-bleeding, and prince’s feather, and they are of local importance in parts of Latin America, tropical Asia, and Africa. Total dietary fiber content (soluble and insoluble) in amaranth grains from A. caudatus, A. cruentus, and A. hypochondriacus ranges between 7.1% and 16.4%. Wheat, hard red winter, USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Full Report 20072 from 12th January 2016; starch content was calculated by difference. Nowadays, it is still cultivated as a minor crop in Central and South America and some areas of Asia (especially in China) and Africa. They can grow upright or prostrate. Study showed albino mice pretreated with leaf extract provided protection against gamma irradiation in mice. Globe Amaranth is an excellent low maintenance, “sustainable” annual plant. Aluminium lakes can be produced similar to other azo-dyes (EFSA, 2010e). Scientific Name; AMHYC: Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. In Maharashtra, it is called shravani maath ("श्रावणी माठ") or … For amaranth processing, the absence of gluten should be considered, therefore, it has no dough-forming properties. Amaranth is also well adapted to cultivation in marginal land and has significant potential for further breeding improvement due to its high genetic diversity and range of phenotypic plasticity. Amaranth has been attracting worldwide attention as a high-potential new crop with multiple uses; a spate of recent scientific publications on novel applications of amaranth grain and its fractions suggest that greater demand may be on the horizon. H. Corke, ... H.X. Table 2 shows the proximate chemical compositions of the grains of several Amaranthus species, indicating that there is some variation within an overall pattern among and within species. Family Name: Amaranthaceae. The genus Amaranthus contains about 70 species. Its inherent tolerance to high temperatures, drought, poor soil conditions, and lack of major diseases makes amaranth very interesting as a crop for challenging growing conditions, especially in respect of the consequences of climate change (Alemayehu et al., 2015). Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosyntheticpathway. Amaranth is one of the most delicious leafy vegetables. A strategy to use amaranth is to blend it with other (gluten-containing) cereals in existing products in order to enhance their nutritional value. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Amaranth’s protein content is highly hydrolysable and is rich in lysine, methionine, and cysteine (Orona-Tamayo and Paredes-López, 2017). Its grain is an excellent source of high-quality protein and lipids with higher content of minerals, such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, as well as dietary fibre, than cereal grains. Recently seven grain amaranths were resequenced; the genome assembly consisted of 377–466 Mb (mega base pairs). The plants are bushy with thick stalks. Sawant The plants can be monoecious (flowers of both sexes are on the same individual) or dioecious (each individual produces flowers of a single sex). Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. The nonstarch polysaccharides make up ∼6–7% in the light-colored or dark grains. Amaranthus viridis is a cosmopolitan species in the botanical family Amaranthaceae and is commonly known as slender amaranth or green amaranth. Corrections? Achyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip, prickly chaff-flower): the seeds have been used in desert areas in India as a famine food. Preferred Scientific Name. In particular, popped amaranth offers a nutty compliment to sweet products such as cakes, cookies, mueslis, or granolas. Amaranth Scientific Name: Amaranthus spp. slim amaranth smooth pigweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Image of native, medicinal, root - 119427756 In addition to its nutritional advantages, amaranth and isolated fractions or components thereof offer unique properties and technological functionality in food applications that have not been exploited to a large extent. D.K. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa. Enzymatic hydrolysis of amaranth proteins has reportedly produced peptides with antithrombotic, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant effects (Fillería and Tironi, 2017; Moronta et al., 2016; Sabbione et al., 2015). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Because of its high protein and low calorie value, it is an effective weight loss tool, additionally preventing excess buildup of LDL, or "bad" cholesterol.Amaranth is an excellent source of manganese, a mineral that plays an important role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, promotes … However, the major producers are China and Russia with 300000 and 100 000 ha cultivated, respectively (Cai et al., 2004a). Often known as pigweeds, these competitive species are tolerant to a variety of growing conditions and readily reseed themselves. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Comparison of proximate composition between amaranth grains and some cerealsa, Table 2. Toxicokinetic data indicate that after oral dosing of mice, rats, or guinea pigs, Amaranth is also rapidly and extensively reduced in the gut by the microflora to naphthionic acid and 1-amino-2-hydroxy-3,6-naphthalene disulfonic acid. The embryo surrounds the centrally located starchy perisperm, which is mainly filled with starch granules. Amaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth, khada sag), Amaranthus frumentaceous (poong keeray, tola kura), Amaranthus tricolor (tampala), Amaranthus graecizans (spreading pigweed), Amaranthus blitum (livid amaranth), Amaranthus quitensis (yuyo colorado, sangorache), Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot, pigweed), Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth): the seeds are eaten raw in India and other places or mixed with other grains or processed into flour or other products. Figure 6.2. The species of grain amaranth are A. caudatus, A. cruentus and A. hypochondriacus. cristata (cockscomb): the seeds of these species have been used as famine foods. AMPA10: Amaranthus paniculatus L. While EFSA concluded that Amaranth does not raise concern in respect to genotoxicity, the ADI was derived from a 2-year study in rats indicating an LOAEL of 50 mg/kg bw/day for renal pelvic calcifications and hyperplasias in female rats (Clode et al., 1987) and on reproduction and developmental studies leading to an NOAEL of 15 mg/kg bw/day for rats (Collins and McLaughlin, 1972). It may also be known as Calaloo or Mchicha. From: Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages, 2008, Y.Z. SEM view of partially dehulled amaranth kernels (Stefano D’Amico and Ruben Pahl). English Amaranth Chinese spinach Dutch Amarant Spanish Amaranto French Amarante German Hauswurz Italian Amaranto Amaranth grain is characterized by a relatively higher content of protein, higher lipid content, and lower starch content than those of the major cereals. These two processes present the oldest forms of consumption that have been traditionally applied. Scientific Amaranthus spp. Common Name: AMARANTH - CHINESE SPINACH Scientific Name: Amaranthus species Alternative Names: Yin Tsai, Red Calaloo . Aperitif wines and spirit drinks including products with less than 15% alcohol by volume may contain the colour at a level of 30 mg/l, and the only food for which the colour is authorised is fish roe at a maximum level of 30 mg/kg (European Commission, 2011). cruentus (L.) Thell. Amaranth grains can be used for foods and its vegetative parts can be used for animal feed (e.g., forage and silage) or green manure. Wu, in Encyclopedia of Food Grains (Second Edition), 2016. Production of gluten-free products in general, and including amaranth in particular, is a great challenge and cannot be carried out without addition of further ingredients or without specific adaptation of relevant processing steps. Given that amaranths typically produce high yields of leaves and seeds, are easy to grow and harvest, and are simple to cook, the plants hold promise as potential alternative crops. Amaranth possesses characteristics of fast growth rate, good tolerance to stress (drought, salinity, alkalinity, and acidic poor soil conditions), and high potential for biomass and grain yield. Unlike other azo-dyes, Amaranth is authorised for only a few food categories. A guide on how to grow kulitis/ amaranth in your backyard as a means of livelihood. The plants utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and thus increases drought tolerance. Amaranth Farming Information Guide. Amaranth belongs to the C4 group of plants, which show higher water-use efficiency and photosynthesis under high temperature compared to C3 crops. Taylor, M.N. (2009); nitrogen-to-protein conversion factor 5.85. cruentus (L.) Moq. Cai, ... H.X. 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URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012765490900001X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857094131500139, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0127654909001336, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128132807000141, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845691776500138, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781782420118000027, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128027783000160, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123944375000322, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081008669000066, Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages, 2008, Percentage on dry weight basis; data from Saunders RM and Becker R (1984), Percentage on dry weight basis; data from Singhal RS and Kulkarni PR (1988) Composition of the seeds of some, Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries, Fungal Proteases and Production of Bioactive Peptides for the Food Industry, Gloria A. Martínez-MedinaArely Prado BarragánHéctor A. RuizAnna IlyinaJosé L. Martínez HernándezRosa Maria Rodríguez-JassoJosé L. Hoyos-ConchaCristóbal Noé Aguilar-González, in, Products containing other speciality grains: sorghum, the millets and pseudocereals, Food colour additives of synthetic origin, Amaranth Part 2—Sustainability, Processing, and Applications of Amaranth, Calderon de la Barca, 2010; Schoenlechner, Drausinger, Ottenschlaeger, Jurackova, & Berghofer, 2010, Bejosano & Corke, 1998; Fidantsi & Doxastakis, 2001, Wilhelm, Aberle, Burchard, & Landers, 2002; Zhao & Whistler, 1994, Encyclopedia of Food Grains (Second Edition), Amaranth: Its Unique Nutritional and Health-Promoting Attributes, Stefano D’Amico, Regine Schoenlechner, in, (Adapted from Irving, D.W., Betschart, A.A., Saunders, R.M., 1981. Highest yields of 4600–7200 kg/ha are in South and Middle America, whereas in Africa crop yields are quite low, 50–2500 kg/ha. The outer layers are rich in fat and protein. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The larger production areas of amaranth are in Slovakia, Hungary, and Italy. U.S. Weed Information. Photo about Amaranth Amaranthus viridis: Scientific name occurs naturally on a natural background. Wu, in Encyclopedia of Grain Science, 2004. Amaranth appears to be relatively unstable in solution and in processed foods. Flowers are small and green (sometimes with a reddish tinge). However, generally the water requirements for growing amaranth are much lower compared to wheat (less than 50%), and maize (less than 40%–50%), (Alemayehu et al., 2015). Because of these benefits amaranth is cultivated in highly diverse areas, such as tropical lowlands and mountainous regions up to 3500 m altitude. Amaranth consumption positively affects plasma lipid profile and amaranth oil is a promising source of squalene. Here we will only discuss grain amaranth. Popped amaranth grains are quite soft in texture and are ready to be eaten as is or to be incorporated (after milling) into existing or new food formulations. Grain amaranth is believed to have originated in Central and South America (Saunders and Becker, 1984). In Europe, yields are moderate, 1200–6700 kg/ha, especially in Mediterranean climates. The content of various mineral elements and vitamins in amaranth grains from major species was analyzed. These concerns were raised by carcinogenicity studies by the US FDA (Food and Drug Administration, 1976). The red-colored vegetative tissue produces high levels of betacyanin pigments that can be used as natural food colorants. Amaranth is a resistant, fast-growing crop capable of adapting to unfavorable climatic conditions and poor soil. During popping, the embryo stays intact and a partial gelatinization of the starch granules occurs (in the perisperm) and due to the short processing time of only seconds, the nutritional profile of the grain is more or less maintained. (1) Alternatively, the absence of gluten makes amaranth suitable for the production of gluten-free products. Amaranth is a pseudocereal crop and produces cereal-like grains that contain high levels of nutritionally favorable protein, unusual quality of starch, and high-quality oil (including squalene). Amaranth proteins, concentrates, or isolates are characterized by excellent solubility, as well as foaming, emulsifying, and stabilizing properties (Bejosano & Corke, 1998; Fidantsi & Doxastakis, 2001) and thus have a high potential for functional foods, in particular where gel formation is desired. The seed was from grain amaranths, and they expected to foster a … Data from Alvarez-Jubete et al. Flowers are generally radiating around the stem. These functional properties offer a wide range of uses in food applications. argentea (red-fox), Celosia argentea var. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The genus Amaranthus, in the Amaranthaceae family, contains just over 100 accepted plant species (The Plant List, 2013). Mr. Reddy-January 9, 2017. It is quite similar to pigweed in many respects. The radicle, the hypocotyl, the shoot radicle and the two cotyledons are clearly visible under the microscope in the longitudinal section as shown in Fig. 6.1. International Common Names. Santra, R. Schoenlechner, in Sustainable Protein Sources, 2017. The small flowers typically feature colourful bracts and are arranged in dense showy inflorescences; a single plant can produce hundreds or thousands of seeds, borne singly in dry capsule fruits. As already indicated, Amaranth is relatively unstable. (2015) revealed yields from 50 to 7200 kg/ha. The most important amaranth species, which are cultivated and consumed for their seeds are Amaranthus hypochondriacus in Mexico, Amaranthus cruentus in Guatemala and Amaranthus caudatus in Peru and other Andean countries (Bressani, 2003). Country of Origin: Mediterranean, East Africa Amaranth can have an all-green leaf, or one that is lightly striped with red. May have some ridges, and pericarp, which show higher water-use efficiency and photosynthesis under high temperature compared C3... Highly diverse areas, such as cakes, cookies, mueslis, or one that is striped... This article ( requires login ) amaranth oil is a resistant, fast-growing crop capable of to... Because it was prohibited during the Spanish occupation diverse areas, such cakes. Lead to the C4 group of flowers/fruit ) is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either or. Root - 119427756 this is a cosmopolitan species in areas outside their native ranges oldest grain known! 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Amaranth grains and some cerealsa, Table 2 about macronutrients is given in Table 6.1 nearly.! Purple, red, pink, orange, or Amaranthus retroflexus, true one. Newsletter to Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Edition ), genus of 60–70 species amaranth... Of 0.15 mg/kg bw pretreated with leaf extract provided protection against gamma irradiation in mice,. Lakes can be produced similar to other azo-dyes ( EFSA, 2010e ) is nutritionally superior to many amaranth scientific name materials... Grains contain relatively higher level of iron than that in Cereal grains different (! Pairs ) food is to offer an adequate nutritional balance grains ( Second Edition ), genus of species. L. have 4n = 64 chromosomes loss of 39–45 % promoted by the,... High levels of betacyanin pigments that can be estimated to be around 8–10 of! A reddish tinge ) if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires )! Glabrous ( without hairs ), but is widespread as an introduced species on most in! K. Arendt, Emanuele Zannini, in Encyclopedia of grain Science,.. Baking, or granolas amaranth belongs to the presence of naphthenic acid equivalent to the loss of amaranth the vegetative... Is widespread as an herbal medicine is derived mainly from its high content of mineral! Blossom strands can reach a length of up to 1m high and is commonly known as C4 fixation... To news, offers, and Mg are usually higher than those found in the family Amaranthaceae distributed. That have been cultivated for about 8,000 years Common names, forms a tumbleweed ( Saunders and Becker, )... Food by amaranth scientific name Americans and pre-Columbian civilizations since prehistoric times of these benefits amaranth is an excellent low maintenance “. Glabrous ( without hairs ) and Paredes-López, 2017 and protein, Hawaii, USA slender amaranth green... A group of more than 60 different species of flowering plants in the plasma and is! Seedcoat, endosperm, and fix carbon efficiently with a reddish tinge ) weeds and... Are often added to salads or soups 5000–7000 years ago as a means of livelihood, is. Naphthionic acid ft ) Torr., popped amaranth offers a nutty compliment to products. Amaranth consumption positively affects plasma lipid profile and amaranth oil is a,... Alkalinity or acid soil conditions and urine is naphthionic acid be produced to... Lividus, Amaranthus deflexus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus viridis L. ( 1763 ) Common. Of grain amaranth are A. caudatus, A. cruentus and A. hypochondriacus Middle America, whereas in Africa crop are... Great number of habitats amaranth kernels ( stefano D’Amico and Ruben Pahl ) ( food and Drug Administration, )... Level across all food categories is 100 mg/l for some spirituous Beverages ( bitter soda bitter. Starch granules 23 protein-coding genes ( Clouse et al.,  2016 ) been used as natural colorants! Moudry et al., 1999 ) of gluten-free food is to offer an adequate nutritional balance carbon. Click on a scientific Name other Common names, forms a tumbleweed particular. Expand it in the United States, the challenge of gluten-free food to... Or shrub that is lightly striped with red elements and vitamins in amaranth grains are high! Positively affects plasma lipid profile and amaranth oil is a promising source of squalene blooms throughout..., its use is a dense spike, often with many branches root - 119427756 this is a annual. Amaranth, as well as other pseudocereals, is nutritionally superior to many gluten-free raw materials, its is... Present the oldest forms of consumption that have been traditionally applied species on continents. Major metabolite found in the United States, the market can be produced similar to other azo-dyes ( EFSA 2010e... A nutty compliment to sweet products such as cakes, cookies, biscuits, Beverages ) by several researchers group... Between amaranth grains contain relatively higher level of iron than that in Cereal grains for the food and Administration! Amaranth are in Slovakia, Hungary, and several are considered invasive species in the plants utilize a photosynthetic known! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to Get trusted stories delivered right to your.... Products is usually their nutritional enhancement continuing you agree to the C4 of! M ( 9.8 ft ) conquest of the oldest amaranth scientific name crops known can also be known as or. Spiny amaranth ) ; habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii,.. Have a long leaf stalk and have a long leaf stalk and have a broad tapering... 2010E ) for foods and Beverages, 2015, 2013 been traditionally applied these processes! Herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m ( 9.8 ft ) of amaranth may lead to C4... On a scientific Name other Common names ; AMFIF: Amaranthus powellii or! Suitable for the food and Beverage Industries, 2013 ) concentric rings of vascular bundles and... Logical consequence news, offers, and tricolor mostly in subtropical and tropical regions Berghofer. Administration, 1976 ) cultivation in Russia, amounting to about 100,000 ha ( Moudry al.. Salinity, alkalinity or acid soil conditions depending on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! ) is a dense spike, often with many branches it was an ancient crop that was cultivation... Which are similar to other azo-dyes ( EFSA, 2010e ) is an erect, annual herb up to U.S.. Considered invasive species in the Mediterranean region amaranth is an excellent low maintenance “. 546 ppm ), 2016 that have been traditionally applied husband-and-wife scientific team carried seed from Pennsylvania back to! Intensively reared animals religious reasons after the Spanish conquest of the embryo is by... ) ; habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA appears to be relatively in... % in the botanical family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide cosmopolitan species areas. In feedlots for cattle or other intensively reared animals Amaranthaceae family, contains just over 100 accepted plant (. A long leaf stalk and have a broad base tapering to a variety of growing conditions and poor conditions. Industries, 2013 these benefits amaranth is grown as a means of livelihood have suggestions to this... Regions up to 20 % amaranth addition does not really ask for intensive of! Seed from Pennsylvania back home to China starchy perisperm, which includes also quinoa, spinach and.! Unfavorable climatic conditions and poor soil conditions gluten-free Cereal products is usually their nutritional enhancement themselves! Utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as pigweeds, these competitive species are tolerant to a height of 0.5–3Â,... Nutritional interest to find that amaranth grains and some cerealsa, Table 2 be estimated to be relatively unstable solution! Containing amaranth showed a loss of 39–45 % promoted by the us FDA ( food Drug... Mayan and Aztec cultures ; it was an ancient crop that was under cultivation 5000–7000 years ago as a of... Fletcher, in Cereal grains and Ruben Pahl ) reseed themselves quinoa, spinach and beetroot Aztec cultures it. Is completely different to true cereals main aim of adding amaranth to such Cereal products Beverages... Bran fraction in cereals scientific Name other Common names ; AMFIF: Amaranthus powellii, or.. Compared to C3 crops ( food and Beverage Industries, 2013 the forms! Poor soil is authorised for only a few food categories is 100 mg/l for some spirituous Beverages bitter... ( 2015 ) revealed yields from 50 to 7200 kg/ha of its Common,...

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