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Author Eric Schlosser discusses the dramatisation of his junk food book Fast Food Nation. Chapter Summary for Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation, part 2 chapter 9 summary. From its origins in the new suburbs of California in the 1950s, fast food has spread across every corner of the nation and profoundly altered the way American food is produced, sold, and consumed. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Food preparation was divided into separate jobs done by different workers, eliminating the need for skilled and expensive short-order cooks. That year turned out to be a momentous one for the country and for Simplot, as the US entered World War Two. Working long hours at fast-food restaurants has a negative effect on their education and takes away from more meaningful opportunities for enrichment. In 1997, Mikhail Gorbachev, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, appeared in a Pizza Hut commercial. In this chapter, we’re going further up the supply chain. Fast Food Nation shows how the fast food industry has massive consequences on many other aspects of our lives, including our education, health and working conditions. The sheer size of the fast food giants and the spread of their business practices to other sectors of the economy has wrought enormous changes in: The fast food industry has its roots in the risk-taking, unconventional ideas of a handful of entrepreneurs. Through this global conquest, it has reshaped how the entire world eats and lives. But most Americans are unaware of the story behind the growth of fast food, and of social consequences that have resulted from the rise of the fast food industry. The US food safety regulatory system needs to be drastically reformed. This population growth also occurred at a time when rates of automobile ownership were rising, causing the region to be heavily shaped by the car. Ground beef is particularly prone to contamination, because the package that’s sold in the supermarket does not come from a single animal. As such, the statistics cited throughout the book and throughout this summary do not represent the most up-to-date data. Schlosser describes his first meeting with Hank, a rancher in Colorado Springs, who takes Schlosser on a tour of his property. Have you ever felt exploited by an employer? All of this is just part of the scenery on a typical business day in America’s meatpacking industry. The human costs are immense: severely overweight people are four times as likely to die young as people of normal weight. In the last chapter, Schlosser ends by analyzing how the fast-food restaurants became o worldwide phenomenon and how Europe and other continents were seen as a new, more profitable market for the big fast-food restaurants. In this exposé, award-winning journalist Eric Schlosser explores the effects of the American fast food industry on global health, labor conditions, and the environment. By minimizing the level of human skill that goes into food preparation, fast food leaders have at their disposal a workforce that is cheap, easy to replace, and easily controlled. Just as we ponder the amphorae and marble ruins of the ancient Romans, so may future scholars study the discarded Big Mac wrappers and golden-arched fast food restaurants of our culture. (Shortform note: Fast Food Nation was originally published in 2001. Instead of having a dozen agencies with responsibility for food safety standards, these functions should be consolidated into a single agency, with the authority to track goods through their entire production cycle from the farm to the supermarket shelf. Ankle-deep pools of blood. Seeing the potential of the McDonald’s system and how it could be replicated on a national (and eventually global) scale, Kroc seized the opportunity. The author gives us a chance to learn more about the way the fast food industry functions and … The automobile sculpted the city, giving rise to LA’s famous low-density, detached-home model of growth (with each unit having room for a garage or driveway with one or two family cars). This population explosion was also driven by another stream of federal investment in Southern California—defense spending. Copyright © 2020 ShortForm™ | All Rights Reserved, This is a preview of the Shortform book summary of. The ranch lies “twenty miles south of town,” and near some of the new developments that have sprung up amid the natural beauty of … Do you think fast food chains should be held responsible for the violations committed by the meatpacking plants and slaughterhouses that supply them? Outbreaks of E. coli, a virulent pathogen primarily found in beef, have become far more common since the rise of fast food. Schlosser then moves to later stages of the beef and chicken production “systems” throughout the country, which, like fast-food production itself, has come increasingly to rely on unskilled labor (without union protections) and mechanized processes, often at dizzying and unsafe speeds. He also provides the results of his research into the current practices of fast … During World War Two and the years immediately following, the US government pumped nearly $20 billion into California, building airplane factories, steel mills, military bases, and naval ports. By 1941, he was the largest shipper of potatoes in the American West, owning dozens of warehouses across multiple states. The business model was a runaway success, enabling McDonald’s to save labor costs and undercut their competition. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal shows how the fast food industry has reshaped the American economic system and imprinted itself on the nation’s culture since the 1950s. As it has done so, fast food has come to stand as a hallmark of our civilization and our time. It’s not just Ridgemont High anymore – it’s fast times all around the world. Going back to the early days of the McDonald brothers’ “Speedee Service” system, fast food has employed a low-skill, low-wage system of labor that keeps costs—and therefore, consumer prices—to a minimum. Summary. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Fast Food Nation! Eric Schlosser wrote the book “Fast Food Nation” to prove that the fast food industry is solely responsible for many problems that affect today’s society. A businessman named Ray Kroc witnessed the success of the McDonald’s system and saw that it could be replicated on a national scale. In Fast Food Nation Eric Schlosser examines the rise of the fast food industry in America following World War II. Rather than using skilled butchers, IBP used an assembly line model, with each worker performing the same repetitive tasks and making the same cuts and stabs to the cattle carcasses that came past them during the course of an eight-hour shift. McDonald’s “speedee service system,” a way of making burgers more efficiently and with little skill on the part of employees, marked, as Schlosser writes, a series of sweeping changes in fast food, causing it to become ubiquitous in America. Schlosser begins by noting the emergence of major American fast-food companies, like McDonald’s (with its Golden Arches), Burger King, and Wendy’s, after World War Two. Il est connu pour son journalisme d'investigation. When he first visited the McDonald’s Self-Service Restaurant in 1954, he was already in his fifties, with a largely unremarkable career as a travelling salesman behind him. States and the federal government should pass legislation that makes it easier for fast food workers to organize labor unions. As a symbol of his total triumph over them, Kroc opened up a McDonald’s across the street from a new restaurant they opened (called “The Big M”) and ran it out of business. The low wages, disregard for worker safety, and union-busting labor practices extend beyond the fast food chains themselves: these practices have also become hallmarks of the agribusiness and meatpacking industries that supply the fast food sector. The very same system that creates enormous amounts of uniform ground beef for McDonald’s and Burger King is also highly adept at spreading disease. All across Central and Eastern Europe, people took to the streets, refused to obey the orders of Soviet police and military officers, overthrew puppet Communist governments, and participated in free democratic elections for the first time ever. Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation is an attempt to describe how American eating and food-production patterns have changed since World War Two. The book explores fast food’s exploitative marketing and labor practices, destruction of the nation’s independent farmers, responsibility for the spread of deadly foodborne pathogens like E. coli, and creation of a national obesity epidemic. The collapse of the Soviet Union, beginning with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and ending in the final dissolution of the superpower state in 1991, was a dramatic moment in world history. In the potato industry, the fast food chains force farmers to accept absurdly low prices for the crops they grow: out of $1.50 spent on an order of fries, perhaps two cents accrue to the farmer who actually grew the potatoes. "TheBestNotes on Fast Food Nation".TheBestNotes.com.. Table of Contents • List of Characters • Short Summary (Synopsis) • Eric Schlosser Biography • Historical Information • Genre Chapter Summaries with Notes / Analysis Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation is an attempt to describe how American eating and food-production patterns have changed since World War Two. We’re going to explore how the economics of the fast food industry have reshaped American agriculture, examine where your fries really come from, and why they taste the way they do. Carl Karcher was the biggest starting pioneer of this new industry. Fast food has contributed to a national and global epidemic of obesity. From the view of the fast food executives and franchisees, teenagers are the ideal candidates for these jobs. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal shows how the fast food industry has reshaped the American economic system and imprinted itself on the nation’s culture since the 1950s. During the war years alone, federal spending accounted for approximately half of Southern Californians’ personal income. Chapter Summary for Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation, part 2 chapter 5 summary. Because of how it is processed and shipped, the meat of just one infected cow can find its way into 32,000 pounds of ground beef. Kroc instituted a philosophy, the core values that would guide McDonald’s—Quality, Service, Cleanliness, and Value. The fast food industry has standardized, commodified, and homogenized the skillset of the country’s labor force. Truly disturbing scenes await those who visit a slaughterhouse—or the workers who toil in them. Congress should ban companies that sell high-fat and high-sugar products from using the public airwaves to advertise to children. A centralized system of food production exponentially expands the reach and scope of outbreaks, where they might have been confined to a particular locality just a few decades ago. Kroc was an unlikely individual to emerge as one of the leading figures in a new and rising industry that was largely driven by youth culture. TheBestNotes.com Staff. From these roots, the industry expanded to take over the rest of the country. Schlosser gives the reader He partnered with the McDonald brothers and began opening new franchises across the country, eventually buying them out in 1961. Persuasive Summary of Fast Food Nation Pages: 6 (1328 words) Why Bebe-guns ... “The Most Dangerous Job,” an excerpt from the book Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser, is a narrative on the dangerous events that take place behind close doors in a slaughterhouse. In this two-part journey we discover the history behind fast food, the big names who helped create this fast food culture, how this food was created, and what affect it can have on our bodies. (Shortform note: According to The Atlantic, over 60 percent of the fast-food workforce is under 24). Even by selectively boycotting certain fast-food and food-production practices, and by learning more about the manner in which their food is caught, cooked, and distributed, consumers can help improve those patterns. He used these earnings to buy potato farms, cattle ranches, fertilizer plants, and lumber mills, all of which enabled him to achieve vertical integration up and down the supply chain. The book reveals the terrible methods and working conditions – caused in great part by the fast food industry’s focus on profit – that are used to create our food. The second is an appeal to reform. Find summaries for every chapter, including a Fast Food Nation Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. Critically, he understood that children would be the chain’s most valuable customers and directed the bulk of its marketing at them. Local entrepreneurs quickly saw that they needed to adapt their business models to account for the car-driven growth of the region. The industry wants a workforce that is unskilled and willing to accept low pay. Eric Schlosser is an American investigative journalist. Explore the main ideas in Fast Food Nation. He became a major figure in the cattle-feeding industry. Full article here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/collective/A22045835 Cutting out the fluff: you don't spend your time wondering what the author's point is. But major changes were just around the corner. For Schlosser, there restaurants are partly to … China also saw its proportion of overweight teenagers triple during the 1990s; meanwhile, at the dawn of the 21st... Unlock the full book summary of Fast Food Nation by signing up for Shortform. In 1961, Kroc had done well enough in growing the company to secure the financing to buy the brothers out. The industry is known for being one of the most uncompromisingly anti-union sectors of the economy, with a long history of extreme hostility toward organized labor and an established record of turning a blind eye to worker safety. Tragically, some of the worst stories of fast food-related foodborne illness are those involving children. He used his massive market share and dehydrating technology to become one of the principal suppliers of foodstuffs to the US Army from 1941-1945. Little did they know that the fall of the Soviet empire would signal the rise of another: that of fast food. One 1997 outbreak was traced to a single plant in Nebraska that had been built to supply ground beef to Burger King, resulting in the nationwide recall of 35 million pounds of meat (25 million of which had already been eaten). Deadly outbreaks of E. coli, a virulent pathogen primarily found in beef, have become far more common since the rise of fast food. 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